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2008学年第二学期徐汇区高三英语试卷

作者/来源:[暂无]    发布时间:2009-04-25

2008学年第二学期徐汇区高三年级英语学科

学习能力诊断卷

                     (考试时间120分钟,满分150分)                2009.4

第一卷

I. Listening Comprehension

Section A

Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.

1.    A. At the post office.                                 B. At the movie theatre.

C. At the candy store.                                D. At the McDonald’s.

2.    A. A mechanic.      B. An electrician.          C. A secretary.               D. A surgeon.

3.    A. To the theatre.   B. To the airport.           C. To Boston.                D. To the school.

4.    A. She can use his car.                               B. She can get her car fixed.

C. She needs to get a license.                      D. She can hire a car.

5.    A. Sunny and warm.                                  B. Rainy and cold.

C. Sunny but cold.                                    D. Rainy but warm.

6.    A. The offices all look the same.                 B. Every office needs a waste bin.

C. Too much paper has been wasted.           D. The man uses most paper in his office.

7.    A. An annoying dog.                                 B. Their neighbor. 

C. The flower garden.                                D. Mrs. Gorham.

8.    A. He does not feel thirsty at all.                 B. He needs to go back to get money.

C. He can’t get anything to drink now.        D. They must hurry home.

9.    A. Mark made some trouble with Bobby.     B. Bobby was a trouble-maker at school.

C. Mr. Allen was Bobby’s class teacher.      D. Mark was Bobby’s elder bother.

10.   A. Internet surfing.                                    B. Stock exchanging.    

C. Mountain climbing.                               D. Job hunting.

 

Section B

Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.

Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.

11.   A. On Tuesdays and Wednesdays.               B. On Tuesdays and Thursdays.

       C. On Wednesdays and Thursdays.              D. On Tuesdays and Fridays.

12.   A. Once a week.     B. Twice a week.           C. Once a month.          D. Twice a month.

13.   A. Classroom tests.                                    B. Attendance rate.       

C. Research papers.                                          D. Final exam.

 

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage.      

14.   A. Parents.            B. Teachers.                  C. Experts.            D. Businessmen.

15.   A. Maintain a savings account.                    B. Visit the bank regularly.

       C. Hire a personal accountant.                    D. Manage his own money.

16. A. The current economic situation has a negative influence on America.

       B. Parent-child communication on financial matters must be open.

       C. Teens should learn to handle money matters well on their own. 

       D. Financial managers are most needed during the economic crisis.

 

Section C

Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet.

 

Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.

A Break-in

Name:                Mrs. Jenkins

Time:                 Between 12:00 and ____(17)______

Lost belongings:        ____(18)_____  (Value: 800 dollars)

Cash           (Value: ____(19)____ dollars)

Other information:      The husband is on a trip to ____(20)_____

Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer.

 

Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation.

What is the survey mainly about?

It’s on _____(21)______.

Which two sports are most favored?

____(22)______.

What does the woman decide to do?

To expand their line of _____(23)______ and come up with a better slogan.

What does the result say about older customers?

They are more _____(24)______ about staying fit.

Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.

 

II. Grammar and Vocabulary

Section A

Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.   Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence.

25. With the guide leading the way, the visitors were able to travel through the forest _____ foot.

A. by                                 B. on                    C. in                           D. with

26. Knowing the meaning of a word is one thing; yet using it both grammatically and communicatively properly is quite ______.

A. much               B. many            C. little               D. another

27. Many introduced plants ______ be cultivated in special soils for some time before they are transplanted in the field, otherwise they won’t survive.

A. must                    B. might             C. could                          D. would

28. --- John, tell me the truth. When did you tell Bill the assignments?

   --- The moment he ______ back home.

     A. came                  B. come         C. comes            D. will come

29. Indeed the best leading actor has read a lot of books, but the best supporting actress has read no ______.

A. more                  B. few            C. less              D. little

30. Yesterday evening the board had a discussion regarding ______ they should set up more scholarships to meet the increasing demands.

     A. what                   B. whether       C. that              D. who

31. As the visiting prime minister puts, China’s influence in the world will continue to strengthen ______ its economy grows.

     A. although             B. until          C. as                 D. before

32. Hours of playing violent video games can affect the way the brain works, ______ damage to certain cells of brain and slowing brain activity.

     A. to cause                            B. causing             C. cause                       D. caused

33. Although the causes of cancer ______, we do not yet have any practical way to prevent it.

     A. are being uncovered                               B. have been uncovering

     C. are uncovering                                       D. have uncovered

34. It is generally accepted that Chinese were the earliest ______ football while the Europeans established the modern rules for football.

     A. played                       B. playing        C. to play           D. having played

35. From the photographs ______ from the satellites, scientists are learning things about the earth they have never known before.

A. to sent                       B. to be send          C. sending                    D. sent

36. There is little doubt _____ you will be able to judge truth and error if you have confidence in yourself.

A. that                   B. who          C. when              D. if

37. The newly concluded National People’s Congress has passed a package of economic policies _____ 8% of yearly economic growth.

     A. target                        B. to target        C. targeting            D. targeted

38. Hardly______ aware that the lion was approaching her before her dog began to bark.

     A. she was               B. would she     C. would she be        D. was she   

39. The government has revised the budget, 5% of______ will be used to help develop the medium and small sized enterprises.

     A. that                  B. whose        C. which            D. as

40. The scientists are trying to find out what ______ caused the dolphins to strand themselves, a strange animal behavior hard to understand.

     A. was it that            B. that was that     C. was that which       D. it was that

             

Section B

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

A. exactly             B. feared        C. humble          D. frequently         E. insult

F. complimenting   G. code          H. considerate       I. leaping              J. preferred

 

 

 

 


If you are ever lucky to be invited to a formal dinner party in Paris, remember that the French have their own way of doing things, and that even your finest manners may not be “correct” by French custom. For example, if you think showing up without delay at the time given on the invitation, armed with gifts of wine and roses, ___(41)___ your hostess on her cooking, laughing heartily at the host’s jokes and then ___(42)___  up to help the hostess will make you the perfect guest, think again.

Here Madame Nora Chabal, the marketing director of The Ritz Hotel in Paris, explains how it works. The first duty of the guest is to respond to the invitation within 48 hours. If an invitation is for eight o’clock, the ___(43)___  guest arrives at 8:15. Guests who arrive ___(44)___  on time or early are mere thoughtless ones who are not giving the hostess those last few minutes she needs to deal with details. The “guest” arrives between 15 to 20 minutes after the hour because dinner will be served exactly 30 minutes past the time on the invitation.

Flowers sent in advance are the ___(45)___  gift. They may also be sent afterwards with a thank-you note. It is considered a very bad form to arrive with a gift of flowers in hand, thereby forcing the hostess to deal with finding a vase when she is too busy to do that. See, that’s the logic! The type of flowers sent has a ___(46)___ of its own, too. One must never send Chrysanthemums(菊花) because they are considered too ___(47)___ a flower for occasion. Carnations are considered bad luck. And though the French love wine, you must never bring a bottle to a dinner party. Why, it’s as if you ___(48)___  your hosts would not have enough wine on hand, and that’s an ___(49)___. You may, however, offer a box of chocolates that the hostess will pass after dinner with coffee.

 

III. Reading Comprehension     

Section A

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

 

Everyone knows how the story of Cinderella ends, but did you ever really think about how she spent her days before she met the prince? Her daily ___(50)___ was not fascinating. She did everything from sweeping the floor to cooking the meals. If someone had asked Cinderella, “Are there any kinds of ___(51)___ work that you particularly hate?” she probably would have answered, “Why, none, of course. Housework is my duty!” In the real world, ___(52)___, most people have definite ___(53)___ for certain sorts of housework. Two of these tasks are ironing clothes and washing dishes.

       Ironing clothes is most hated ___(54)___ it is not a task that can be completed quickly or thoughtlessly. Each piece of clothing must be handled ___(55)___, so ironing a basket of laundry can take hours! After ironing a piece of clothing with great care, you need to place it on a hanger as soon as possible. If you do not follow these directions carefully, it might become ___(56)___ and you have to start over. Perhaps that is why ironing is not a ___(57)___ thing to do. It ___(58)___ extreme attention to detail from beginning to end.

       Another household job that many people dislike is washing dishes. ___(59)___, some people claim that this work is no longer a problem because we have dishwashers now! However, no one would ___(60)___ that dishes, silverware, and ___(61)___ pots and pans washed in a dishwasher don’t come out as clean as they do when washed by hand. For this reason, many of us ___(62)___ to wash our dishes by hand, but we are not necessarily happy doing it. Cleaning dishes is a job that not only takes a lot of energy but also ___(63)___ the patience to wash and dry them. ___(64)___, unlike ironing clothes, washing dishes is a thing that usually must be done every day. I don’t know how Cinderella felt about this particular task, but I believe that most people hate it as much as I do.

50.     A. parade                     B. pattern                     C. routine                            D. response

51.     A. household         B. patriotic            C. invisible                   D. mechanical

52.     A. moreover          B. hence                C. however                   D. therefore

53.     A. desires                     B. dislikes             C. opinions                   D. appeals

54.     A. but                   B. because             C. although                   D. so that

55.     A. gracefully         B. briefly             C. individually             D. neutrally

56.     A. suspended         B. transferred         C. leaked                      D. wrinkled

57.     A. favourite           B. regular                     C. primary                    D. painful

58.     A. calls on             B. calls for            C. takes on                   D. takes for

59.     A. As a result         B. In fact               C. Of course                 D. For example

60.     A. argue                B. admit                C. agree                       D. assume

61.     A. occasionally      B. constantly          C. especially                D. classically

62.     A. attach               B. refuse               C. continue                   D. engage

63.     A. reduces             B. regulates           C. removes                   D. requires

64.     A. In addition       B. In a word          C. On the contrary         D. By contrast

 

Section B

Directions: Read the following four passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.

(A)

In 1993, I had my first opportunity to visit Russia as a representative of the University of California. I was there to provide some technical assistance in the area of agricultural labor management. “Russians are a very polite people,” I had been tutored before my arrival. One of my interpreters, once I was there, explained that a gentleman will pour the limonad (type of juice) for the ladies and show politeness.

Toward the end of my three week trip I was invited by my young Russian host and friend Nicolai Vasilevich and his lovely wife Yulya out to dinner. At the end of a wonderful meal, Yulya asked if I would like a banana. I politely declined and thanked her, and explained I was most satisfied with the meal. But the whole while my mind was racing: “What do I do? Do I offer her a banana even though they are as close to her as they are to me? What is the polite thing to do?”

“Would you like a banana?” I asked Yulya.

“Yes,” she smiled, but made no attempt to take any of the three bananas in the fruit basket. “What now?” I thought.

“Which one would you like?” I asked awkwardly.

“That one,” she pointed at one of the bananas. Thinking about Russian politeness, I picked the banana Yulya had pointed at and peeled(去皮) it half way and handed it to her. Smiles in Yulya’s and Nicolai’s faces told me I had done the right thing. After this experience I spent much time letting the world know that in Russia, the polite thing is to peel the bananas for the ladies.

Sometime during my third trip I was politely corrected by a Russian friend. “Oh, no, in Russia, when a man peels a banana for a lady it means he has a romantic interest in her.” How embarrassed I felt! And I had been proudly telling everyone about my findings.

Certain lessons have to be learned the hard way. Some well meaning articles and presentations on cultural differences have a potential to do more harm than good and may not be as amusing. They present, like my bananas, too many generalizations or quite an inaccurate view.

65. The author went to Russia in 1993 to ________.

       A. visit a famous university                        B. work as an interpreter

       C. offer some professional help                   D. do some agricultural work

66. The author decided to offer Yulya a banana because ________.

       A. he sat closer to bananas                          B. he wanted to show politeness

       C. she gave him one first                                   D. he wanted to win her heart

67. How did the author probably feel after he saw the smiles in Yulya’s and Nicolai’s faces?

A. Awkward.         B. Embarrassed.            C. Surprised.         D. Relieved.

68. The author told this story mainly to express that _________.

       A. Russian politeness is rather difficult to understand

       B. man should never peel a banana for a lady in Russia

       C. what people say about other culture may not be true

       D. funny things may happen anywhere at any time

 

(B)

Proper etiquette(礼仪) should be observed in all forms of communication. When face-to-face, you communicate not only verbally, but with your body language, hand gestures, and tone of voice. Over a network or the Internet, you do not have the luxury of relying on additional methods of getting your message across. Therefore, there are some generally accepted techniques when communicating online.

Tone Down Your Language

Given the absence of face-to-face clues, written text can easily be misinterpreted. Avoid the use of strong or offensive language. If you feel particularly strongly about a point, it may be best to write it first as a draft and then to review it, before posting it, in order to remove any strong language.

Be Forgiving

If someone states something that you find offensive, mention this directly to the instructor. What you find offensive may quite possibly have been unintended and can best be cleared up by the instructor.

Test For Clarity

Messages may often appear perfectly clear to you as you compose them, but turn out to be perfectly dull to your reader. One way to test for clarity is to read your message aloud to see if it flows smoothly. If you can read it to another person before posting it, even better.

Net speak

Although electronic communication is still young, many conventions have already been established. DO NOT TYPE IN ALL CAPS. This is regarded as shouting. Acronyms and emoticons (arrangements of symbols to express emotions) are popular, but excessive use of them can make your message difficult to read. Some common ones include:

Acronyms

Emoticons

FYI = for your information

:-) = smiley face: happiness, pleasure

B/C = because

:-( = frowning face: displeasure

BTW = by the way

:-0 = shock, surprise

F2F = face to face

:-@ = Screaming

TTUL= Talk to you later

:-&= Tongue tied

ROTFL = Rolling on the floor laughing

<:-[= Disappointed

69. Which is proper in online communication according to the passage?

A. Use strong words to highlight your point.       B. Check your message before sending it.

C. Type in all capital letters.                       D. Use as many emoticons as possible.

70. The underlined word “Acronyms” probably means __________.

       A. combinations of symbols to express meanings

B. words made up of initial letters or parts of words

       C. text messages to indicate the writer’s feelings

       D. wise sayings providing guidance for people

71. According to the passage, we may probably type _________ to end a conversation.

A. TTUL              B. ROTFL                    C.  :-@                D.  :-&

 

(C)

When Christmas time is upon us, there won't be many families without some type of Christmas tree. Most will choose between a cut pine tree and an artificial plastic tree.

Artificial Christmas trees are usually made from steel and the plastic known as PVC. To produce one kilogram of raw PVC you need over a kilo of fossil fuels plus half a kilo of minerals and 10 L of water. The process also releases about two kilograms of CO2 — which contributes to climate change — and eight grams of dangerous waste.

Most live Christmas trees come either from small plantations dedicated to growing trees just for Christmas or are the rejects from large pine plantations. In both cases, the growing trees provide some long-term soil protection and suck up climate-change-causing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. However, the use of fertilizers and pollution from machinery can have negative impacts on the local ecosystems.

Both types of trees require transportation to reach your home, which means fuels are burnt and air pollution generated. The greater the distance travelled, the larger the impact, and plastic trees certainly rack up the kilometres. The vast majority of Australia’s artificial trees are made in factories in Asia. If a family in Melbourne buys a plastic tree made in China, then it has travelled more than 8,000 km to arrive at its new home. Alternatively, someone living near Melbourne's CBD could get a real tree from a plantation less than 50 km away.

Despite the shorter life span, real trees are the way to go, because a natural tree can be reused in its afterlife. A plastic Christmas tree can’t be recycled and that means its final resting place will be the local dump. Here the PVC will stay in much the same form for thousands of years.

72. Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the passage?

A. Artificial Christmas trees are usually made from steel and plastic.

B. The process of producing PVC does great harm to the environment.

C. Real Christmas trees usually come from large or small plantations.

D. Real Christmas trees release much carbon dioxide while growing.

73. By saying “rack up the kilometres”, the author probably means that the transportation of plastic trees _______.

A. is more convenient                         B. produces more pollution

C. covers a shorter distance                 D. can save more fuels

74. According to the passage, real Christmas trees _______ compared with fake ones.

A. use fewer resources                        B. are more difficult to recycle

C. last much longer                                   D. are less expensive

75. Which of the following is the most suitable title for this passage?

A. Real Christmas Trees: A Wasteful luxury

B. Fake Christmas Trees: An Economical Choice

C. Real Christmas Trees: A Greener Decision

D. Fake Christmas Trees: A Popular Trend

 

(D)

If you try to explain to someone, without using pictures, how to build the building that you have designed, it would take an enormous amount of writing and might end up with a very funny-looking building. The architect uses pictures called details to show how many hundreds of parts go together to form a complete building. This type of drawing is called drafting and is done by people called draftsmen.

Draftsmen make up the largest group of the architectural offices’ work force. Because of the wide range of duties they perform, draftsmen are sometimes called architectural technicians. In a typical office, there are not only career draftsmen but also architectural graduates working as junior draftsmen to learn the trade. Career draftsmen are usually graduates from a two-year junior college called technical school. There was a time when architectural office used young people right out of high school as tracers. Their job was to trace over the other people’s details while learning to be a draftsman. This is no longer possible with the fast-pace of architects’ offices today although a junior draftsman is given guides by the more experienced employees.

     So a good comprehensive architectural drafting course is a must before anyone seeks a job with an architectural firm. The job of the draftsmen is to translate the ideas and directions of architects, designers and engineers into complete and accurate working drawings. These become the plans and details used in the actual construction of a building. The project must be shown in great detail and drawn very clearly, so there is no chance for misunderstanding by the contractors(承包商). Every line and figure has an effect on the finished product.

     As you can see, the draftsman is a key member of the architectural team. Of course, a junior draftsman is not expected to produce a complete set of working drawings. Depending on the size of the office and difficulty of the project, draftsmen may work in groups. The group leader coordinates the group and works closely with the project architect while the drawings are being produced.

     Working conditions are mostly very pleasant as draftsmen's work is intense and many people depend on accurate work. Each draftsman has a large combination drawing board and desk with various drawing aids. Almost without exception, members of the architectural team have at one time in their careers worked as draftsmen. This is essential to an architect education and most architects never get very far away from the drafting board.

76. According to the passage, career draftsmen are usually ______.

   A. experienced architects                             B. architectural designers

   C. high school graduates                              D. graduates of technical schools

77. We can learn from the passage that “working drawings” refers to ______.

   A. the architect’s rough drawings and directions

   B. the ideas and directions for the project

   C. the plans and details for the actual construction

   D. the designer's handbooks, tables and building codes

78. What can we learn about draftsmen from the passage?

   A. They all work in groups with a project architect.

   B. They are the main members of the architectural team.

   C. They provide labor and building materials.

   D. They give guides to inexperienced architects.

79. What is most essential for draftsmen’s work according to the author?

   A. An architect education.                               B. The spirit of team work.

   C. Accuracy in the drawings.                            D. Advanced drawing aids.

 

Section C

Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable question from A-F for each answer. There is one extra question which you do not need.

 

A.       Take full responsibility

B.        Slow down your pace

C.        Find an advisor

D.       Cherish people around you

E.        Find your deepest values

F.        Be willing to change

 

  


You need to change in order to grow. Changing your life is a continuous process. It never ends. The moment you stop changing, you stop growing. Here are some tips that may help to change your life:

80.

 


                           

To change your life, you need time to think and reflect. If you are always busy, you won’t have the time to think about your life, let alone taking action to change it. It’s not only the scenery you miss by going too fast — you also miss the sense of where you are going and why.

81.

 


              

It’s your life; nobody can change it but you. If you aren’t willing to change, then nothing in this world can make you do so. To build the willingness to change, first you should realize that your life can be better than it is now. No matter how good your life is, it can always be improved. On the other hand, don’t feel hopeless if your life doesn’t seem good right now. You can always change your life for the better.

82.

 


              

Don’t blame other people for the bad things that happen in your life. Don’t blame your family, friends, boss, or the economy. Whether your life goes up or down depends on you and you alone. Stephen Covey once said, “We immediately become more effective when we decide to change ourselves rather than asking things to change for us.”

83.

 


              

Deep down in your heart, there are some principles that you know is true. Take the time to find them. What do you think is the most valuable thing in life? What principles do you think you must follow to live a fulfilling life? These are the values that you need to align yourself with. Find them and remind yourself constantly about them.

84.

 


              

Not only can this person give you advice on what to do in certain situations, he can also warn you about possible pitfalls in your path. Without a mentor, most likely you will have to learn many lessons the hard way. Having a mentor will save you serious amount of time.

 

第二卷 45分) 

I. Translation

Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.

1.         春天,山上开满了美丽的野花。 (grow)

2.         越来越多的人更乐于用手机短信传递祝福。 (prefer)

3.         人们的兴趣和爱好往往与社会环境和个人学习经历有关。(relevant)

4.         网上购物虽然便捷,但个人信息的安全问题不容忽视。(while)

5.         由于一系列新的地铁线路的开通,我市公共交通状况有了很大改善。(Due to)

6.         进了这所寄宿制学校(boarding school)后我才意识到自己以前是多么依赖父母。(Not until

 

. Guided Writing 

Directions: Write an English composition in 120 - 150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.

你校的校报将新增一个英语版面(an English section),主编Terry向全校同学广泛征求意见。请你以Allen的名义给他写一封邮件,谈谈你希望在该版看到的内容和你的理由。

(注意:短文中不得出现考生姓名、校名及其他相关信息,否则不予评分。)


 

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