初中考纲词组 - 内容 - 徐汇中学英语网

初中考纲词组

作者/来源:[暂无]    发布时间:2008-08-27

a bit (of)

有一点儿

a couple of

两个;几个

a group of

一群

a kind of

一种; 一类

a lot of (lots of)

许多

a pair of

一双; 一副

a piece of

(,,,)

according to

按照;根据

after all

终究, 毕竟

after school

放学后

agree with sb.

同意某人的意见

all day (long)

整天

all over

到处

all right

行了;好吧;()好了

all the same

还是, 仍然

all the time

一直

all the way

一路上

and so on

等等

apologize to sb. for sth.

为某事向某人道歉

arrive at / in a place

到达某地

as well

;

ask for

请求; 寻求

at breakfast /lunch /supper

//晚餐时

at first / last

起先;开始的时候/ 最后;终于

at home

在家()

at least / most

至少/ 至多

at once

立刻;马上

at present

现在, 目前

at school

在学校;在上课

at the moment

此刻,目前; 那时,当时

at the same time

同时

at work

在工作

at/on weekends

在周末

be able to

能够(有能力)

be afraid of

害怕

be angry with sb.

生某人的气

be bad for

有害于

be born

出生于

be busy with / doing sth.

忙于做某事

be careful with

小心

be covered with

……覆盖

be different from

……不同

be familiar to

……熟悉

be famous for

……而著名

be fond of

爱好

be full of

充满

be good / poor at

善长于 / ……比较差

be interested in

……感兴趣

be keen on

喜爱

be late for

…...迟到

be located (in/on/at)

位于

be made of

……制成

be made up of

……组成

be on

上演, 上映

be pleased with

……满意

be proud of

……而感到自豪

be ready for

……作准备

be surprised at

…...感到惊奇

be thankful to sb.

对某人很感激

be used to

习惯于

be worried about

……而担心

because of

由于

belong to

属于

break into

闯入, 破门而入

by air mail

寄航空邮件

by bus

乘公共汽车

by oneself

亲自

by phone

打电话

by the way

顺便说;顺便问一下

call on

拜访

care for

照顾; 喜欢

carry out

执行

catch (a) cold

着凉;伤风

change one's mind

改变主意

check in

办理登机

come across

被理解; 遇见

come from

出生于;来自

come on

;走吧;跟我来

come to an end

结束

come to know

知道

come to life

显得逼真; 苏醒

come true

实现

communicate with

……交流

compare with

……比较

cover an area of

占地面积

cut down

砍倒

deal with

处理

depend on

依靠,依赖

die of

……病而死

do one's best

尽最大努力

do sb. a favour

帮某人忙

do some shopping

买东西

do with

处置, 处理

dream of

梦见

dress up

穿着打扮

each other

互相

eat up

吃光,吞噬

enjoy oneself

过得愉快

enter for

报名参加

fall off

…...跌落

far away (from)

()遥远

fill in

填充, 填写

find out

找出;查明;了解

finish off

吃完; 喝完

for ever

永远

for example

例如

for the first time

第一次

for the time being

暂时,眼下

from door to door

挨家挨户

from now on

从此以后; 今后

from time to time

不时;有时

get along / on (with)

进展;与…...相处

get back

返回

get in

进入;收集

get in the way

挡道

get off

下车

get on

上车

get ready for

……作准备

get rid of

摆脱

get tired of

……感到厌倦

get to

到达

get up

起床

give back

归还;送回

give out

分发

give sb. a hand

助某人一臂之力

give up

放弃

go ahead

先走;向前走;去吧;干吧

go shopping / bowling

去购物 / 打保龄球

go for a swim

去游泳

go home

回家

go in for

参加;从事于;酷爱

go on

继续

go on a diet

实行节食

go on a picnic

去野餐

go on with / doing sth.

继续做某事

go out

熄灭

go over

复习;仔细地再读一遍

go sightseeing

去观光

go to (the) hospital

去医院(看病)

go to bed

就寝

go to college

上大学

go to school

上学

go to sleep

入睡

go to the cinema / movie(s)

去看电影

go up

走上前去

go wrong

出错

grow up

成年;长大

had better

最好还是;还是……

hand in

上交

happen to do

碰巧做

happen to sb.

发生到某人身上

have (got) to

不得不

have a class / lesson

上课

have a good time

玩得很愉快;过得很愉快

have breakfast

吃早餐

have no idea

不清楚

have pity on sb.

怜悯某人

have sports

进行体育活动

hear from

收到……来信

hear of

听说

help sb. with sth.

帮助某人做某事

here and there

到处

hold a meeting

举行会议

hold on

等一等(别挂电话)

hold one's breath

屏住呼吸

hold up

举起

huge amounts of

大量的

hurry off

匆忙离开

in a hurry

匆忙

in a minute

一会儿

in addition

另外

in all

总共

in charge of

主管,负责

in English

用英语

in fact

事实上;实际上

in front of

……前面

in hospital

住院

in line

成一排;成一直线

in no time

立刻

in one's fifties

在某人五十多岁时

in one's opinion

根据某人看法

in order to

为了

in return

作为回报

in surprise

惊奇地

in the end

最后;终于

in the future

在将来

in the middle of

……中间

in the years to come

在即将来临的几年里

in this way

这样

in time

及时

in trouble

处于困境中

instead of

代替;而不是

join in

参加;加入

just a minute

等一下

just now

现在;刚才

keep doing sth.

继续做某事

keep fit

保持健康

keep... from

使……不做

keep in touch (with)

(……)保持联系

keep off

阻挡;不让……接近

keep quiet

保持安静

keep sb. busy

让某人忙个不停

knock over

撞倒;撞翻

later on

过后;后来

laugh at

嘲笑

lay the table

(饭前)摆好餐具

learn…from

……学习

leave (secondary) school

(中学)毕业

leave a message

留个口信

leave for

动身去

less / more than

少于 / 多于

let out

放出

line up

整队; 排成行

listen to

……(讲话)

live on

……为生

look after

照料;照顾

look at

;观看

look for

寻找

look forward to

期待着

look like

看上去象;显得

look out of

……朝外看

look up

查寻; 抬头看

lose one's way

迷路

lose weight

减肥

make a film

拍电影

make a fire

生火

make a living

谋生

make a mistake

出差错;犯错误

make a noise

弄出声

make friends with

……交朋友

make fun of

…...开玩笑

make money

挣钱;赚钱

make the bed

整理床铺

make out

辨认出

make progress

取得进步

make up one's mind

下决心

meet the needs of

迎合……的需要

meet with

遭遇

next to

紧挨着;紧靠着

no longer / not ..any longer

不再

not…at all

(加强语气)一点也不,根本不

now and then /again

时而; 偶而

of course

当然

of one's own

属于某人自己的

on business

有事, 出差

on foot

步行;走路

on holiday

在休假

on one's side

在某人一边

on show

在展出

on the other hand

另一方面

on the phone

在听电话

on the right

在右边

on the/one's way (to)

在去……的路上

on time

准时

on weekdays

在工作日

once a day

每天一次

once every four years

每四年一次

once more

再次

one after another

一个接一个,连续地

one another

互相

operate on sb.

为某人动手术

out of

……里出来; 缺乏

out of date

过时

over and over

再三; 一遍又一遍

over there

在那边

pay for

…...;

pick out

挑选出

pick up

拾起

play a trick on

捉弄

play with

玩弄

plenty of

许多

point at

指向;指着

point out

指出

praise sb. for sth.

为某事表扬某人

prefer…to

(比起……)更喜欢

prepare for

准备

protect…from

保护……免受

pull down

推倒

put off

延期

put on

穿; 戴上;上演

put out

伸出; 扑灭

put up

举起; 挂起

rely on

依靠

right now

立刻,马上

run after

追捕;追踪

run away

逃跑

save one's life

挽救某人生命

search for

搜寻; 搜查

see…off

……送行

sell out

售完

set off / out

出发, 起程

set up

建立;设立

shake hands with

……握手

share…with

……分享

show off

炫耀

show sb. the way

给某人指路

show sb. around

带某人参观

shut up

住口

so as to

为的是;使得

some day

将来有一天

sooner or later

迟早

speed up

加快速度

stop…from

阻止……

such as

例如

take an underground

乘地铁

take a message for sb

给某人捎个口信

take an exam

参加考试

take away

拿走

take care of

照料

take charge of

负责, 管理

take hold of

抓住

take in

吸入, 吸收

take it easy

别紧张

take notes

记笔记

take off

脱掉(衣物等); 起飞

take one's advice

听从某人劝告

take out

取出

take part in

参加

take place

发生; 举行

take the place of

取代

take up

开始从事

talk about

谈到

talk to / with sb

与某人谈话

tell…from

区别; 分辨

the same…as

……同样

the week after next

下下周

think about

考虑(做某事的可行性)

think of

想起; 想到

think over

仔细考虑

throw away

扔掉

tie up

捆绑

to one's joy / surprise

使某人高兴 / 惊奇的是

too…to

……以至不能

try on

试穿

turn down

(把音量)调低

turn into

变成

turn off

关掉(电灯,电视,收音机等)

turn on

,旋开(电灯,电视,收音机等)

turn out

结果是, 证明是

turn over

翻车;翻阅;翻身

up and down

上上下下

used to

过去常常

wait for

等候; 等待

wake up

醒来; 叫醒

with great care

非常小心

with one voice

异口同声

with one's own eyes

亲眼(目睹)

with pleasure

愉快地

with the help of

……的帮助下

work out

做出; 算出; 制定出

would like (to)

想要

would love to

(表示喜欢,愿意)很想;很愿意

would rather

宁愿, 宁可

write down

写下;记下

 

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