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高考英语口试指导

作者/来源:徐汇区教师进修学院 孟莎    发布时间:2008-02-27

高考英语口试指导

第一部分 朗读 Reading(10%)
   这一部分要求考生朗读所给的文章,难度相当于高中阶段所学的相关英语课文。短文朗读考查要求如下:

(1)      语音的基础问题。

(2)      意群和停顿。句子可按照意思和结构分为若干段,每段称为一个意群,英语中称为sense group。每个意群有其特殊的意义。在朗读每篇短文前,你应找准意群。这样在说话和朗读时,意群和意群之间可稍作一定的停顿,也可以在此处换气,使意思表达更为清楚。在同一意群中各个单词之间应一口气念完而不可停顿。意群和意群之间根据需要而停顿,也不是非停顿不可。

(3)       语调,主要有升调与降调两种。升调一般用于句首状语和一般疑问句,在一个完整句子中各并列成分在最后一个并列成分前者应用升调。如:I have three English books,two Chinese dictionariesand five pens. 降调用在陈述句句尾和特殊疑问句中,尤其应注意的是一般疑问句的回答。如:Do you have a map in your hand? 该疑问句的肯定回答:Yes,I do.这里的Yes,必须是降调,I do也必须是降调。

(4)       连读与失爆。连读较易掌握。在一个意群中,将前一个单词最后的辅音与后一个单词开头的元音连在一起读。而失爆是朗读中较难掌握的一种技巧。当相邻两个爆破音在一起时,往往给前面一个爆破音留一个位置,但不爆破,稍停随即发后面的爆破音。

   在考试中,屏幕上所显示的文章内容量多于规定时间内正常语速所能涵盖的内容,即无论朗读者的语速有多快,都不可能在规定时间内将所有内容读完。因而,考生只要按照正常的语速朗读,并将注意力主要集中在语音语调等方面即可,不必为了追求速度而将文章朗读的模糊不清,舍本逐末。在准备期间,要注意每个句子的停顿,不可读破句。即使有不认识的单词,也不要中途停下,而是按照自己的理解,凭语感将它读出来(其实这也是考查意图之一)。只要朗读连贯,基本上不会影响整体印象。

 

第二部分 快速应答 Quick Response(10%)

首先应搞清这题不是回答问题,而是对你所听到的句子作恰当的反应。这部分的难点是没有情景提示,考生必须在听到句子后的瞬间判断这句子应在什么情景下使用,其前后呼应的句子应该是什么。然后,再确定一个正确的应答句。

在听到考题时,首先应搞清这个句子的类型:是一般疑问句,还是特殊疑问句;是陈述句,还是祈使句。对特殊疑问句应抓住:第一个词疑问词,这决定了你的应答句的内容。第二个词助动词,它决定了你的应答句的时态或语态。当然,其他的词也起了不同的作用,但相比之下,这两个词所提供的信息尤为重要。

       有些考生听到近座考生怎么回答就怎么回答。其实,在考试时,每位考生所听到的题目并不完全一样,跟着他人回答是绝对吃亏的。考试时应注意避免出现应答不完整或答非所问的情况:

例如,录音的内容为“Please say hello to your parents.”, 正确的应答为“I will, thank you”, 但许多考生回答 “hello”

又如,“You aren’t a teacher, are you? ” 正确的应答为 “No, I am not a teacher”,  但部分考生应答为 “Yes, I am”   “Yes, I am not a teacher”

再如,Don’t forget to post the letter for me. 正确的应答为“No, I want.”, 但许多考生回答 “Yes, I won’t”

还有同学不论什么问题一律回答 “I beg your pardon?” “I don’t know.”此类情况不予给分。

 

第三部分 情景提问 Question Raising(20%)

    要求考生针对所读出的情景在规定的时间内进行提问,内容恰当,问句结构正确。至少有一句特殊疑问句,提问内容不能重复。

既然题目中给你情景,必须从所给的情景中搞清几个要素:这个情景的主角是谁,谈话的对象是谁,该情景发生的时间、地点及内容等信息。在考试时,考生应先冷静地分析句子的主谓宾结构,不必去在意其中不认识的单词。针对主语、宾语等的who, what, which,或状语的when, where, why, how等进行提问,尽量避开不熟悉的单词,做到高效而又精练。在提问中,只要注意符合情景要求,句子结构完整即可。如:

Mary has just returned from Australia. You plan to go there too. Ask her about the country or anything you are interested in.(情景)

● Which place would you  recommend me to visit there? (考生)(特殊疑问句)

● Is it easy to apply for scholarship in Australia? (考生)(一般疑问句)

 

不要出现下列情况:

(1)       Your friend received some stamps from an Australian teacher.

 Ask two questions about the teacher.

错误答案:

What are the stamps like?  Are they expensive?  Where are the stamps?  May I have a look?

(2)       Your friend will go to watch a football match.  

Ask him two questions about the match.

错误答案:

Who will go to watch the match? What is the score?

 

另外,对同一情景,要避免提问重复。如两个问题问同一信息,则第二个问题只能得三分(总分为5)

 

第四部分 谈话 Topic Talking(30%)
      
要求考生针对所给的话题,能连贯流畅表达思想,讲述自己的观点。此类话题往往涉及到社会、家庭、学校、环保、体育、道德、网络等方面。这些都是与日常生活密切相关的或比较热门的话题。

考生在屏幕上看到题目的同时还会看到与其配套的录像,这是为了给考生提供更多的信息。考生可以根据情况采用与否。这部分考核的内容实际上就是一篇口头小作文oral composition

(1)从结构来考虑,文章必须要完整。在beginning里要开门见山地提出该短文的topic sentence.topic sentence中必须含有关键词。有的同学没有整理出一个清晰的思路就匆忙答题,结果没讲几句就继续不下去了。 

(2)短文必须有内容。如题目为An unforgettable experience的短文,那就应该描述一个具体的活动。使评卷老师听到你讲的短文后,感觉到你参加的活动确实吸引人,令人难忘。不能靠堆积许多形容词,而没有一个具体的情节来证实你讲的活动让人难忘,最好的捷径就是从所学的课文中,从所阅读的文章中和所做的练习中收集素材。

 

第五部分 看图说话 Picture Describing(30%)

这一部分的关键是考生首先要读懂图片,明确图片的立意,再进行描述。拿到图片后,应看清图片中的各种提示:除人物外,其他背景资料都应看清楚。往往除了人物外,图片还提供了故事发生的时间、地点等资料。图片下的开始句提供了时态与故事的背景。需要注意的是:

     (1)如果开始句为一般现在时,图片的叙述也以现在时为主;如果开始为现在进行时,则图片以现在进行时与一般现在时为主。

     (2)人称问题,如开始句以第一人称描述,则图片的叙述应用第一人称,如开始句提供一个名字 (第三人称),你对图片的叙述也应用第三人称。

     (3)搞清你所看到的图片的内在关系,并且找出这一套图片的内含主题。

 

 

   特别提醒

1.       一旦发现录音原声很轻,应立即告知监考教师,维护自己的权益。把声音放开,就像平时讲话时一样(最好比平时讲话时还要响亮些)。声音不要含糊不清,也不要发出其他的干扰声音。

2.       对于快速应答,要注意剩余时间,考生应在答题时间内给予应答。如果发现说错,必须及时纠正,不要等很久,录音会中断。

3.       在最后两部分的口头作文中,可能会出现一些语法错误,这是正常的,千万不要反复纠错,打断了文章的完整性,也扰乱了自己的思路。遇到错误,尽可能跳过去,想说什么就说什么,完成整个答题。

 

 

附:上海市高考英语口试训练题

快速应答

1. Q: Hello I’m Steven White for Cambridge.
   A: Hi! Nice to meet you.
2. Q: You won’t be late again, will you?
   A: Of course I won’t.
3. Q: What do you like reading in your spare time?

A: I usually read science fiction.
4. Q: I don’t feel like eating anything these days.
   A: Neither do I.
5. Q: We’re having a party this weekend, would you care to come?
   A: I would love to come.
6. Q: Why it’s you! How are you doing?
   A: Fine thank you. And you?
7. Q: What do you think of my bicycle?
  A: It’s a nice one.
8. Q: Do you mind if I make a phone call here?
   A: Of course not.
9. Q: I apologize for what I said just now.

A: That’s all right.
10. Q: Make sure you lock the door when you leave.
    A: OK. I will.
11. Q: I hope your work is going well.
    A: Thank you very much.
12. Q: How do you like the lunch at your school?
    A: It’s very nice.
13. Q: Would you mind if I took the book away with me?
    A: Of course not.
14. Q: What about joining us in the game?
    A: All right.
15. Q: I’m sorry I didn’t mean to hurt you.
    A: That’s all right.
16. Q: Goodbye and thanks again for a wonderful time.
    A: Goodbye
17. Q: What do you think of the chicken soup here?
    A: I think it is very good.
18. Q: Excuse me, could you tell me the way to Shanghai Museum?
    A: Go straight ahead and turn left.
19. Q: My god I’ve left my wallet at home.
    A: Don’t worry. Take it easy.
20. Q: I have been waiting here for 20 minutes, but the bus hasn’t come yet.
    A: Oh, that’s too bad.
21. Q: You look wonderful in that sweater.
    A: Thank you.
22. Q: What do you like for breakfast?
   A: It’s very delicious.
23. Q: Excuse me but could you please tell me where the nearest bank is?
    A: Go straight ahead and turn left.
24. Q: Why didn’t you come to school yesterday?
    A: Because I had a bad cold.
25. Q: I heard that Jack failed his final exam.

A: I’m sorry to hear that.
26. Q: Thank you for your help.
    A: Not at all.
27. Q: What are you going to do this weekend?
    A: Go to play the football game.
28. Q: I don’t believe What Michael said.
    A: Neither do I.
29. Q: You look pale. What is wrong with you?
    A: I have a bad cold.
30. Q: I wonder whether John can finish the work ahead of time.
    A: I think he can.
31. Q: Hello. May I speak to Mary Smith please?
    A: This is Mary Smith.
32. Q: Do you want to go out for lunch tomorrow?
    A: That’s a good idea.
33. Q: I feel awful. I’ve failed my math test again
    A: Don’t worry.
34. Q: I don’t want to interrupt you, but could I ask you a question?
    A: Of course.
35. Q: Why don’t you travel to Hong Kong during the holiday?
    A: That’s a good idea.

36. Q: Hello, could I speak to Mr. Brown, the head of department?
   A: Hold on, please.
37. Q: Would you mind if I leave my bicycle here for a while?

A: Of course not.

38. Q: I’m really grateful to you.

A: It’s my pleasure. /  Don’t mention it.
39. Q: I missed the last bus and had to walk home last night.
   A: That’s too bad.  /  What a pity.
40. Q: What do you do to keep fit?
   A: Take more exercise.

41. Q: What do you think of my bicycle?
   A: I think it is very nice.
42. Q: Do you mind if I make a phone call here?
   A: Of course not.
43. Q: I apologize for what I said just now.
   A: That’s all right.
44. Q: Make sure you lock the door when you leave.
   A: OK. I will.

45. Q: What do you think of the chicken soup here?
   A: I think it is good.

46. Q: I really appreciate what you’ve done for us.
   A: It’s my pleasure.
47. Q: I wish you success in the oral exam.
   A: Thank you very much.
48. Q: What would you like to do in your spare time?
   A: I like to read books.
49. Q: How long can I keep these magazines?
   A: Two weeks.
50. Q: I missed passing the exam by only one mark this time.
   A: Don’t worry, take it easy.

51. Q: I hope your work is going well.
   A: Thank you.
52. Q: How do you like the lunch at your school?
   A: It is delicious.
53. Q: Would you mind if I took the book away with me?

A: Of course not.
54. Q: What about joining us in the game?
   A: That’s a good idea.

55. Q: I’m sorry I didn’t mean to hurt you.
   A: That’s all right.

56. Q: Please give my regards to your parents.

A: OK. I will.
57. Q: Excuse me, could you tell me the way to Shanghai Museum?
   A: Go straight ahead and turn left.
58. Q: What’s your favorite food?
   A: Potato.
59. Q: I wish you wouldn’t have your radio on so loud.
   A: Oh, I am sorry.
60. Q: I didn’t get the opportunity though I had done my best.
   A: Don’t worry. Take it easy.

61. Q: Hello I’m Steven White from Cambridge.
   A: Hello. Nice to meet you.
62. Q: You won’t be late again, will you?
   A: No. I won’t.
63. Q: I don’t feel like eating anything these days.
   A: That’s too bad. You should go to see the doctor.
64. Q: We’re having a party this weekend, would you care to come?
   A: Yes, I’d love to.
65. Q: What do you like reading in your spare time?
   A: Science fictions.

情景提问:

1.You are going to buy an English-Chinese dictionary. You go to the bookstore and ask the shop assistant…
  Q1: Are there any English-Chinese dictionaries in the book store?
  Q2: How much does it cost?

2.You are going to attend a computer course, so you call the training center. You ask…
  Q1: When will be the computer course held?
  Q2: How much does it cost?

3.One of your classmates has made great improvements in his spoken English. Ask him two questions about it.
  Q1: How did you make great improvements in your spoken English?
  Q2: Is reading helpful to spoken English?

4.You are going to write an article on space fight. So you want to borrow some reference books from the library. Ask the librarian to help.
  Q1: Are there any books on space fight in the library?
  Q2: How long can I keep the book?

5.A new teacher will come to teach your class. Ask your class teacher about him.
  Q1: Is he kind to students?
  Q2: What will he teach us?

6.You want to buy some books in order to help improve you maths. Ask the shop assistant for help.
  Q1: How much does it cost?
  Q2: Which book is the most helpful?

7.Next Wednesday is your English teacher’s birthday. You want to do something for her. You ask you classmates…
  Q1: Shall we have a party for her?
  Q2: Which present should I buy for her?

8.You’ve heard your classmate has published a short article in the students’ English newspaper. You ask him about it.
  Q1: What did you write?
  Q2: How did you write so well?

9.Your classmate Li Min has been absent from school for 3 days. Ask you monitor about him.
  Q1: Why didn’t he go to school? 
  Q2: Is he better today?

10.Your school will send a group of students to Australia for a summer course. Ask your teacher about it.
  Q1: How long will we stay there?
  Q2: What will we do during the Summer course?

11.You want to mail a birthday card to your friend in America. You ask the postman.
  Q1: How much does it cost?
  Q2: When will my friend get this card?

12.You are doing a survey of the students’ life in their spare time. You ask…
  Q1: What do you prefer to do in your spare time?
  Q2: Do you often play games in your spare time?

13.You are going to invite a friend to have dinner with you. You ask…
  Q1: Are you free this weekend?
  Q2: Would you like to have dinner with me this weekend?

14.One of your classmates won the first prize in a maths contest. Ask him about it.
  Q1: Did you feel happy when you won the first prize?
  Q2: How did you win the first prize?

15.Your friend will soon graduate from senior high school. Ask him about his future plan.
  Q1: What do you plan to do?
  Q2: Which university are you going to enter?

16.Your friend has succeeded in losing 5 kilos. Ask her how she did it.
  Q1: How much exercise do you take everyday?
  Q2: Do you eat less than before?

17.You are not clear about today’s English homework. Ask your classmate about it.
  Q1: What is today’s English homework?
  Q2: Is it difficult?

18.Your friend will give a performance at the May 4th celebration. Ask him two questions about it.
  Q1:What’s your performance?
  Q2: What do you think of this performance?

19.You are talking about thanks giving day with an American student on your school campus. You ask…
  Q1: Is thanks giving day very important to you?
  Q2: What do you often do on thanks giving day?

20.The students’ union needs some volunteers to help the old people in the neighborhood. Ask for some information about it.
  Q1: How many volunteers does it need?
  Q2: Can I be a volunteer?

21.An astronaut gives a lecture in your school after the lecture. You ask him two questions.
  Q1: How did you become an astronaut?
  Q2: Do you like this job?

22.Your classmate has just played a basketball match again another school. You ask him…
  Q1: Who won the match?
  Q2: Did you do your best?

23.You’re going to buy a birthday present for your Mum. You go to your best friend for advice. You ask…
  Q1: What should I buy for my Mum?
  Q2: Is this hat suitable for my Mum?

24.Your friend has just come from Japan, and you are interested in Japanese food. You ask him…
  Q1: What do you think of Japanese food?
  Q2: Is Japanese food very delicious?

25.Your friend is very good skating, and you want him to teach you. You go to him and ask…
  Q1: How can you be good at skating?
  Q2: Could you teach me?

Topics:

1.       Talk about the importance of a balanced diet

2.       Talk about your school life

3.       Talk about an important present you gave to sb./received

4.       Talk about your hobbies

5.       The effects of advertising

6.       Talk about someone who helped you

7.       Describe an interesting trip

8.       Describe your favorite subject in your school

9.       Music and music player or band

10.    Talk about your family

11.    Chinese traditional festivals

12.    Ways of communication: telephoneinternetletter

15.    TV programs

16.    An interesting book / movie

17.   You favorite food/ restaurant

18.   Describe your best friend

 

 


 

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