Chapter Six --- Virtual Reality
Chapter topic: overview
The chapter is about the various uses of electronic systems in providing entertainment.
àThe main passage is related to the futuristic world of Virtual Reality.
à The Integrated Skills set of exercises is based on a survey of the time which students spend playing video games.
à The Language section is a review of the main ways in which we can talk about the future.
à The Speaking Section includes the idea of using simulations to encourage students to think and talk freely about a subject.
à The Writing task is to stimulate students’ imaginations.
*To help the students to get a good command of useful words and expressions.
*To get the students to learn more information about VR..
*To encourage the students to be involved in teaching in order to cultivate their cooperative spirit.
1. What is your favourite game?
2. What can computer do for us?
è Playing games, gaining information, communicating or chatting, shopping, doing calculation, writing articles, drawing, seeing films, develop programs, listening to songs…
3. How many parts is computer made up of?
èHardware: the equipment such as the computer, the monitor, the hand-sets, the key board, etc.
Software: the games or programs which are run on the hardware.
Step2: Introduction of VR
1. What is virtual reality?
è Virtual Reality takes us into a world which is almost real. The sights we see are made by a computer, which mimics(模仿) real life and engages（使从事） various senses. The real outside world is not visible while we are inside this virtual world.
2. Working field
è Entertainment, medicine, engineering, oil exploration and the military, to name just a few.
è Scientists can speed up oil discovery; pilots can dogfight（空战） numerically superior "bandits," ; Doctors can improve their skills on virtual patients.
4. Background of VR:
è VR was developed in
è Difference between VR and ordinary television or a video game:
a/ When you put on a VR helmet, you are cut off from the real world & it can replace reality.
b/ VR is three-dimensional and interactive & you can influence and change the world you are in.
Step3: The studying the of text
1.What are the people doing? What can they see?
2. What do you think this system is called?
3. Do you think the writer is for or against this system?
The writer is probably in favor of this system
II. Scanning: (answers)
1.The writer is a woman.
2. a. Marco Polo(P2)
b. a glove(P6)
3. a. The writer’s dreams
b. what is VR?
c. VR for entertainment
d. VR for education
e. VR for business
f. Dangers of VR
III. Main ideas of the following paragraphs. (Matching)
P 1-3: What is VR
P 4-6: VR for entertainment
P 7-8: VR for business
P 9: VR may help save the world
P 10: VR for education
P11: Conclusion: VR is here to stay
P12: The writer’s dreams
P13: Dangers of VR
IV. Additional Exercises: ------ T or F
1. When you are playing the games in the future, you will just sit and watch an imaginary world.
2. According to the text, now we can go into a complete fantasy world and have the most exciting adventures we could imagine.
3. VR can only help us in education, entertainment, business, and medicine.
4. We can see the dangers which may face the world by experimenting harmlessly inside a VR world.
5. There are still some problems with VR, because it is a new invention.
------ Questions & Answers
1. How does the writer hope to be able to fulfill her dreams?
2. Which part of the equipment for VR does not seem to be essential?
3. In which two ways might children use VR?
4. Why do you think people might prefer VR to reality?
VI. Language Presentation:
我感谢她送给我礼物。 à thanked her for the present she sent me.
Thank God 谢天谢地 (= Thank goodness)
n. [pl. ]感谢, 谢意, 谢礼
A thousand thanks for your kindness. à 非常感谢你的好意。
thanks to 由于; 多亏, 因为
à Thanks to the help of the charity, the poor children can afford to go on with their education.
² entertainment 款待 ；娱乐
a. Something that amuses, pleases, especially a performance or show.
b. the act of entertaining ,treatment
à A cinema is a place of entertainment.
à A science fiction cannot not be regarded as a mere entertainment, but in fact it tells the reader much more.
à We are quite pleased that the host entertained us with what they had.
她幻想自己成了一个真正的艺术家. à She imagines herself to be a true artist.
He imagines that people don't believe him.
•Can you imagine these fat man climbing the so many skyscrapers?
•They have used all imaginable means but all failed.
•This is only an imaginary society , it can’t become true.
•You can see your image in the mirror.
a: existing in the mind, especially as a product of the imagination 虚的
b: in fact, though not in name 实质上的
à She is the virtual president, thought her title is secretary.
à If you travel by plane,
à The students are close to each other in age.
à We have just watched a close match of football.
close friend / relative // close to tears // closed down the factory.
•The two things are closely interconnected.
•The police are watching a spy closely.
² in the future & in future(from now on)
__________, travel agencies may be organizing the trips to the moon.
_____________,he will have to depend on himself
² magic: n , adj. 魔术；魅力；
•Some people still believe in magic.
•The magic of great poetry attracted so many readers.
•Harry Potter is a magic book that fascinates so many children all over the world.
² before long & long before
à It will /won’t be long before…
1. He told me that he had heard of the ancient city ______________.
2. ____________________ we attend the grand occasion again.
3.______________________ we meet again.
4.______________, he will go abroad for further study.
² present n. 赠品, 礼物 // adj.现在的, 出席的 // vt. 赠送, 呈现
à present trends /leader / government / job
à at present: now
à for the present: temporarily
Thirty guests were present at the ceremony.
在座的有20个孩子。à There are twenty children present.
present a book to sb. (= present sb. with a book) // present reasons /a new aspect /flowers
People present are all strongly against the proposal.
•The past, the present and the future are quit different.
à commit suicide/murders/offence/error
à commit sb./sth. to
•The doctor suggested committing this patient to a mental hospital.
à be faced with
à face up to sth.
•He is faced with many difficulties, but he never wants to give up.
•He won’t face up to the fact that he is too old to work.
•There are many problems that face the present government.
•The room whose windows face south is mine.
à enable sb. to do sth.
•A rabbit’s large ears enable it to hear the slightest sound.
•The microscope enables small objects to be observed.
•鸟的翅膀使鸟能飞。à A bird's wings enable it to fly.
² fly n. &v. (flew, flown. flying)
•He likes to fly kites in his spare time.
•The vacation flying by, they returned to hard work.
•The bird was shot down in flight.
•All flights have been cancelled because of fog..
Jet aircraft now can fly the
à for sure, be sure to , be sure of ,make sure , be sure (that)
_________ he writes it down.
He ________ that they will meet him at the airport.
They ________ beat all their opponents in the match.
He ________ his success in the coming test.
•The commander inspected the troops. à 司令检阅了部队
•The government sent sb. to inspect our school. à 政府派人来视察我们学校。
(A) Talking about future:
1. The simple future tense
2. be to/ be about to
3. Present continuous tense
4. Simple present tense
Explaining the use of the grammar:
be going to do/ be // shall/ will do/ be
•It is going to rain.
•We are going to have a meeting today．
•When he comes, I will give him your message.
1）在有时间状语从句或条件状语从句的句子中，不能用be going to表示将来，而应该用shall 或will表示。
2）前者表纯粹将来，表打算be going to表原来已经决定的动作考虑做某事，will表说话时 刻决定动作.
be to do，表示按计划要发生的事或征求对方意见。例如：
•The boy is to go to school tomorrow.
•Are we to go on with this work?
•Audrey and Jimmy are to be married in June.
be about to do表示即将、马上发生的动作，后面一般不可以跟时间状语。
Sit down everyone. The film is about to start.
does/do, be doing
•The meeting begins at seven.
•The train starts at nine in the morning.
•He is coming to see you tomorrow.
分析：这二种时态表示将来，往往限于以下动词：go,come,start,begin,move,leave,arrive, stay, 等前者表示组织安排，后者表示个人计划安排，如：
•School finishes on January 18.
•Jane and Betty are going on separate holidays in a few days' time
The present continuous tense
a. 表示现在( 指说话人说话时) 正在发生的事情。
à We are waiting for you.
à Mr. Green is writing another novel.
à She is learning piano under Mr. Smith.
c. 表示渐变的动词有：get, grow, become, turn, run, go, begin等。
à The leaves are turning red.
à It's getting warmer and warmer.
d. 与always, constantly, forever 往往带有说话人的主观色彩。
à You are always changing your mind.
My dictionary ___, I have looked for it everywhere but still___ it.
A. has lost, don't find B. is missing, don't find
C. has lost, haven't found D. is missing, haven't found.
(B) The future continuous tense
à I'll be taking my holiday soon.
à They will be meeting us at the station.
à I hope you will be coming on time.
à I'll be seeing Mr. Smith tomorrow.
à The minister will be giving a speech on international affairs. (部长将就国际事务发表演讲.)
2) 将来进行时的特殊用法: (表示原因、结果或猜测。)
à Please come tomorrow afternoon, Tomorrow morning I'll be having a meeting.
à Stop the child or he will be falling over.
à You will be making a mistake.
à Will you be reading anything else?
à When shall we be meeting again?(表示稍后一点儿的安排。)
à The students are studying Unit 3 this week, and next week they'll be studying Unit 4.
à My duties will end in July and I will be returning to
(C) Connectives of addition & contrast
however & but
à The book is expensive; however, it's worth it.
The first part was easy; the second, however, took hours.
However he did it, it was very clever. He can answer the question however hard it is.
à It's a pleasant dream but everything depends on "if".
Sally was amused, but I was very embarrassed.
furthermore & moreover
à "Furthermore, these child-raising families may raise other people's children in addition to their own." (而且,这些抚养孩子的家庭除了自己的孩子外也可以抚养其他人家的孩子.)
"The house is too small, and furthermore, it's too far from the office."
à I don't like skating, moreover, the ice is too thin. (我不喜欢滑冰, 而且冰又太薄。)
in addition （常与to连用）此外
à In addition to gene, intelligence also depends on an adequate diet, a good education and a decent home environment.
à Despite the bad weather we enjoyed our holiday.
à Many children in the south of
à He has not come yet.
She is yet a child.
He was poor, yet happy.
Step 5: Consolidation (Translations):
1.由于有了虚拟现实的游戏， 我可以在安全的环境下驾驶宇宙飞船。（thanks to）
è Thanks to VR games, I can fly a spaceship in complete security.
è The problem that faces us is not only the lack of water resources but the poor water quality as well.
3. 有一点是肯定的， 他的视力没有任何问题。（for sure）
è One thing is for sure, there is not any problem with her eyesight.
è When we are abroad, we should not do anything that will harm the image of our country.
5. 由于显微镜的发明， 我们才能观察到微小的物体。（thanks to）
è Thanks to the invention of microscope, we can observe tiny objects.
è The people present at the meeting are from different countries of the world.