Unlike most of the other nonfoolish holidays, the history of April
Fool's Day, sometimes called All Fool's Day, is not totally clear. There
really wasn't a "first April Fool's Day" that can be pinpointed on the
calendar. Some believe it sort of evolved simultaneously in several
cultures at the same time, from celebrations involving the first day of
不同于大多数别的节日, 愚人节, 有时被称为所有愚人的节日,
The closest point in time that can be identified as the beginning of
this tradition was in 1564, in France. Prior to that year, the new year
was celebrated for eight days, beginning just after the first day of
spring. The celebration typically ended on April 1. With the reform of the
calendar under Charles IX, the Gregorian Calendar was introduced, and New
Year's Day was moved to January 1.
这个传统的历史最早可以追溯到 1564 年的法国。在那年以前, 人们有8 天的时间庆祝新年, 正好从春天的第一天后开始。庆祝活动通常在 4 月
1 日结束。在查理九世在位期间，他进行了历法改革，引进了罗马教皇Gregory的日历，并且新年第一天被移至 1 月 1 日。
However, communications being what they were in the days when news
traveled by foot, many people did not receive the news for several years.
Others, the more obstinate crowd, refused to accept the new calendar and
continued to celebrate the new year on April 1. These backward folk were
labeled as "fools" by the general populace. They were subject to some
ridicule, and were often sent on "fools errands" or were made the butt of
other practical jokes.
然而, 在消息还要靠徒步旅行传播的年代里, 通信变得十分困难。许多人要等几年才能收到消息。其它固执己见的人拒绝接受新日历并且沿袭在 4 月 1
This harassment evolved, over time, into a tradition of prank-playing on
the first day of April. The tradition eventually spread to England and
Scotland in the eighteenth century. It was later introduced to the
American colonies of both the English and French. April Fool's Day thus
developed into an international fun feast, so to speak, with different
nationalities specializing in their own brand of humor at the expense of
their friends and families.
这种折磨随着时间慢慢演变成在 4 月的第一天搞恶作剧的传统。这种传统最后在
In Scotland, for example, April Fool's Day is actually celebrated for
two days. The second day is devoted to pranks involving the posterior
region of the body. It is called Taily Day. The origin of the "kick me"
sign can be traced to this observance.
在苏格兰, 例如, 愚人节实际上有 2 天的庆祝时间。第二天专门对人体身后的区域胡闹。这一天被称作Taily节。“踢我”迹象的来源可以追溯至此。
Mexico's counterpart of April Fool's Day is actually observed on
December 28. Originally, the day was a sad remembrance of the slaughter of
the innocent children by King Herod(about 73 B.C.- 4 B.C.). It eventually
evolved into a lighter commemoration involving pranks and trickery.
墨西哥的“愚人节”发生在 12 月 28 日。以前,
Pranks performed on April Fool's Day range from the simple, (such as
saying, "Your shoe's untied!), to the elaborate. Setting a roommate's
alarm clock back an hour is a common gag. Whatever the prank, the
trickster usually ends it by yelling to his victim, "April Fool!"
在愚人节上被使用的恶作剧从简单的, ( 例如说:“你的鞋带散了!”),
Practical jokes are a common practice on April Fool's Day. Sometimes,
elaborate practical jokes are played on friends or relatives that last the
entire day. The news media even gets involved. For instance, a British
short film once shown on April Fool's Day was a fairly detailed
documentary about "spaghetti farmers" and how they harvest their crop from
the spaghetti trees.
April Fool's Day is a "for-fun-only" observance. Nobody is expected to
buy gifts or to take their "significant other" out to eat in a fancy
restaurant. Nobody gets off work or school. It's simply a fun little
holiday, but a holiday on which one must remain forever vigilant, for he may be the next April Fool!