四级选择题训练(2) - 内容 - 徐汇中学英语网

四级选择题训练(2)

作者/来源:徐汇教师进修学院 周珽    发布时间:2005-08-23

Part Vocabulary and Structure

31. The medicine is on sale everywhere. You can get it at _______ chemist's.

A) each B) some C) certain D) any

[译文]这种药到处都有卖的,你在任何药店都可以买到。

   [答案及分析]D。本题的测试点是不定代词。本题的这几个词都可用名词的定语,但各自的含义有所不同,使用场合也不相同。该题选择项中[Aeach各个;[Bsome一些;[Ccertain一定的;[Dany任何因此应选D

32. You cannot be _______ careful when you drive a car.

A) very B) so C) too D) enough

[译文]驾驶汽车时,你怎么小心也不过分。

   [答案及分析]D。本题的测试点是固定词组。cannot(can never)...too...表示:“怎么………也还会过分”。如:You cannot praise the play too highly(这出戏你无论怎样称赞都不会过分)

33. In general, the amount that a student spends for housing should be held to one-

fifth of the total for living expenses.

A) acceptable B) advisable C) available D) applicable

[译文]一般来说,学生的住宿费用应掌握在生活费用的总数的五分之一为好。

   [答案及分析]B。本题的测试点是形容词。做这一类题时,除把握各项选择项的词义外,还应注意选择项与句子的意思吻合。在本题中担任后置形容词,后接for,修饰the total,表示用了生活费的全部费用。而[Aacceptable意为“可接受的”,与该题句意不符。[Cadvisable意为“贤明的,可取的”,不符合句意;[Dapplicable意为“能应用的”,该词常与to连用。例如:The rule is applicable to this case(这条规则可适用于这种情况)。据此可知,只有B正确。

34. Every man in this country has the right to live where he wants to, _______the

color of his skin.

A) with the exception of B) in the light of C) by virtue of D) regardless of

[译文]这个国家的每一个公民,无论他是什么肤色,都有权居住在他想居住的地方。

   [答案及分析]D。该题的测试点是复合介词。该句中regardless of表示“无论(什么肤色)”,符合句意。而[Awith the exception表示“除……外”;[Bin the light of指“按照,根据”;[Cby virtue of表示“凭借,因为,依靠”;这三个词组都有不合句意。

35. Housewives who do not go out to work often feel they are not working to their full _______.

A) capacity B) strength C) length D) possibility

[译文]不外出上班的家庭主妇们往往觉得没能充分发挥自己的能力。

   [答案及分析]A。该题的测试点是近义名词。这四个选项的词在含义上大同小异,但在用法上各有侧重:capacity意为“能力”,strength指“力量”,length表示“长度”,possibility意为“可能性”。本题最强的干扰项是B。该句要表示;发挥能力,而不是施展力气。因此,只有A为最佳答案。

36. I hate people who _______ the end of film that you haven't seen before.

A) reveal B) rewrite C) revise D) reverse

[译文]我讨厌那种人;当别人还没有看一部新电影,他应把电影的结局公布于众。

   [答案及分析]A。本题的测试点是动词。四个选项的动词前缀都是-re,词形接近,但含义不同。考生应首先理解句意。该句要表示的不是“重写(rewrite)”,也不是“修改(revise)”,更不是“翻转(reverse)”。“reveal(提示,透露)”符合该句句意。

37. He's watching TV? He's _______ to be cleaning his room.

A) known B) supposed C) regarded D) considered

[译文]他竟然在看电视吗?他应该打扫房间才对。

   [答案及分析]B。本题测试点是固定词组。be supposed to意为“被期望,应该:”。如:We are supposed to be here at seven.(我们应该在七点到达这里)。本句要表示“他应该是在做某事”,故答案为B

38. The old couple decided to ________ a boy and a girl though they had three children

of their own.

[译文]这对老夫妇虽然已有三个儿女,但他们还是决定收养一儿一女。

   [答案及分析]D。本题测试点是动词,在词形上[Aadapt(适应)和[Dadopt拼写很接近;在词意上,[Creceive和[Dadopt有些接近,但receive表示“接收”,后常接邀请信、礼物等词。[Bbring意为“带来”,不符合题意。只有“adopt可意为“收养”才符合句意。

39. The government is trying to do something to _______ better understanding between

the two countries.

A) raise B) promote C) heighten D) increase

[译文]政府正在努力做些实事以促进两国之间的相互理解。

   [答案及分析]B。本题的测试点是近义动词的辨异。四个词都有“提高,增加”的含义,但用法不同。[Araise意为“(人为的)提高(产量等)”;[Cheighten表示“(对建筑物等)的增高,加高”;[Dincrease意为“增加(产量,收入等)”,侧重数量上的增加;[Bpromote表示“促进,增进(友谊,理解等)”。故B是最佳答案。

40. The newspaper did not mention the _______ of the damage caused by the fire.

A) range B) level C) extent D) quantity

[译文]报纸没有报导该次大火造成的损坏程度。

   [答案及分析]C。本题材的测试点是名词的辨异。[Arange意为“范围,区域”;[Blevel表示“水平,水准”;[Dquantity指“数量”;[Cextent意为“程度”。据本题句意,要表示的不是火灾的范围,水平和数量,而是火灾造成的损坏程度。据此可知,C项为最佳选项。

41. The soldier was of running away when the enemy attacked.

A) scolded B) charged C) accused D) punished

[译文]这个士兵被指控在敌军进攻时临阵脱逃。

   [答案及分析]C。本题的测试点是动词词义辨析。[Caccused用法符合句中结构,即:be accused of doing。而最强干扰是[Bcharged,charge也有“指控,指责”的意思,但用法为charge sb.with sth.be charged with sth.,与本题中结构不符。[Ascold表示“叱责”,常与for,at连用。[Dpunish意为“惩罚”,与for连用。因此,ABD三项虽有“指控,指责”的意思,但其搭配与本题不符,不能入选。

42. Had he worked harder, he _______ the exams.

A) must have got through B) would have got through C) would get through D) could get through

[译文]如果他学习更加努力的话,他本可以通过考试的。

   [答案及分析]B。本题的测试点是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气。主句用了would have done结构,从句用had done结构。虚拟语气中,若条件从句含有一个助动词、情态动词、动词behave,有时可把if省略掉,但这时要把助动词、情态动词或连系动词放在主语前面。例如:Were it not for their assistance,we couldn't have got over the difficulties(要不是他们协助,这些困难我们是克服不了的)。[Amust+现在完成时,表示“本该,想必是”,不符合本题语法结构。[C]是表示与现在事实相反的结构,不符合本句的时态。[D]是一般过去时,与本句结构不符。

43. Only under special circumstances _______ to take make-up tests.

A) are freshmen permitted B) freshmen are permitted C) permitted are freshmen D) are permitted freshmen

[译文]只有在特殊情况下,新生才允许补考。

   [答案及分析]A。本题的测试重点是倒装结构。含有only的状语在句首时,要用倒装。因此,[B]、[C]、[D]项都不符合倒装结构。

44. I had just started back for the house to change my clothes _______ I heard voices.

A) as B) when C) after D) while

[译文]在我刚返身回家去换衣服时听见了一阵说话声。

   [答案及分析]B。本题的测试点是状语从句。由when引导的时间状语从句通常是相对另一个的动作。当表示另一个动作先于when引导的时间状语从句的动作时,主句中的谓语动词可用过去成时,从句中的谓语动词可用一般过去时。四个选项中[Aad,Dwhile这两个答案引导的从句往往表示主句与从句的动作几乎不分前后,基本上是同时的。[Cafter引导的从句表示“在……之后”,与本题时态不符合。因此,[B]是正确答案。

45. It seems oil _______ from this pipe for some time. We'll have to take the machine

apart to put it right.

A) had leaked B) is leaking C) leaked D) has been leaking

[译文]看起来这管子漏已有一段时间了,我们必须把机器拆开修理一下。

   [答案及分析]D。本题的测试点是现在完成时。该句中的时间状语for some time表示“……已有一段时间了”,与答案[Dhas been leaking相呼应。这一时态由have(has)+been doing构成。它表示动作从过去某一时间开始,一直延续到现在,可能还要继续下去,通常与表示一段时间的状语连用。例如:They have been watching television for two hours.(他们已经看了两小时的电视了)ABC三项与句子时态不符合。

46. When he arrived, he found _______ the aged and the sick at home.

A) none but B) none other than C)nothing but D) no other than

[译文]当他到家时,发现只有老人和病人在家。

   [答案及分析]A。本题的测试点是固定搭配。none but表示“只有,除……外谁也没有”。例如:None but fools will believe it.(除了傻瓜没有人相信它)。在这种用法中,but后面用主格人称代词很少见。在现代英语的非正式文体中,更常用的是人称代词宾格形式,如me,her等。例如:Who would do a thing like that?Nobody but her.Bnone other than意为“不是别人(或他物)而正是”,如:It was none other than Mr.Wang.(不是别人而正是王先生)。[Cnothing but意为“除了……以外什么也不,只有,只不过”,如:I've eaten nothing but bread and cheese since Sunday.(自从星期日以来,除了面包和乳酷之外,我别的什么东西也没吃)。[Dno other than表示“只有,正是”。

47. The pressure _______ causes Americans to be energetic, but it also puts them under a constant emotional strain.

A) to compete B) competing C) to be competed D) having competed

[译文]竞争的压力使得美国人精力旺盛,但同时也使他们长期处于情绪紧张的状态。

   [答案及分析]A。本题的测试点是非谓语动词。本题的pressure要求一个定语。[Ato compete是不定式,表示“竞争的(压力)”,可作pressure的后置定语。[Bcompeting是现在分词,如作定语常置于名词之前。如:competing demands意为“互不相让的要求”。[Cto be competed为不定式被动语态,而compete常用主动语态形式,如:compete in a race,compete with/against.Dhaving competed是现在分词完成式,不符合本题句意。

48. Your hair wants _______. You'd better have it done tomorrow.

A) cut B) to cut C) cutting D) being cut

[译文]你该理发了,你最好明天就理。

   [答案及分析]C。本题的测试点是动词的惯用搭配。wantneed较相似,在表示“需要、应该”时,要求跟动名词主动语态或不定式被动结构。如:The house wants repairing/to be repaired.(这房子需要修理了)。据此可知,只有[C]项是正确结构。

49. As teachers we should concern ourselves with what is said, not what we think _____.

A) ought to be said B)must say C) have to be said D) need to say

[译文]作为教师我们应该注重实际讲了什么话而不是我们认为该讲什么话。

   [答案及分析]A。本题的测试点是情态动词的用法区别。四个选项均含有“应该,必须,不得不,需要”的意思。但[Aought to be said符合题意,与主句should的意思接近,用来表示职责和义务,提出劝告及一般说来我们认为人们应该去做的正确的事或好事。而[Bmust say表示“必须说”;[Chave to be said意为“不得不被说”;[Dneed to say意为“需要讲”,这三项都不符合句意。

50. Once environmental damage _______, it takes many years for the system to recover.

A) has done B) is to do C) does D) is done

[译文]生态环境一旦被破坏,生态系统要多年才能恢复。

   [答案及分析]D。本题的测试点是时态和语态。根据本句的意思,讲的是一般真理,应该用一般现在时态。从句中的主语是物,谓语应该用被动的一般现在时。因此,答案应为[Dis done

51. Studies show that the things that contribute most to a sense of happiness cannot be

bought, _______ a good family life, friendship and work satisfaction.

A) as for B) in view of C) in case of D) such as

[译文]研究表明那些最能给人带来幸福感的东西是无法用金钱买到的,诸如:良好的家庭生活、友谊和工作中的满足感。

  [答案及分析]D。本题的测试点是习惯用法。such as表示“诸如,例如”,符合本题句意。而[Aas for意为“关于,至于”;[Bin view of意为“鉴于……,考虑到……”;[Cin case of意为“即使……万一……”,这三个都是成语介词。而[Dsuch as用来引导同位语。

52. He will agree to do what you require _______ him.

A) of B) from C) to D) for [译文]他将随时听从您的吩咐。  

[答案及分析]A。本题的测试点是词组的搭配用法。require...of意为“要求,命令。例如:I'll do all that the Party and the people require of me.(凡是党和人民所要求的,我一定做到)require可与that连用,引导宾语从句;还可用作require sb.to do sth.。而没有[B]、[C]、[D]中的搭配用法。

53. The mere fact _______ most people believe nuclear war would be madness does not mean that it will not occur.

A) what B) which C) that D) why

[译文]大多数人认为核战争是残忍野蛮的,但这一点并不意味着核战争就会发生。  

[答案及分析]C。本题的测试点是that引导的同位语从句。that引导的从句可做宾语、定语、同位语。该题中的that从句是fact的同位语。同位语从句和定语从句的区别在于同位语从句中的that在句中不担任成分,that是连接词。定语从句中的that在从句中担任一定成份是关系代词。而[Awhat是引导名词从句的。[Bwhich常用来引导定语从句。[Dwhy是关系副词,其先行词常用reason。据此可知,只有[C]符合本题的语法结构。

54. John seems a nice person, _______ I don't trust him.

A) Even though B) Even so C) Therefore D) Though

[译文]约翰看上去是好人,即使如此,我并不信任他。  

[答案及分析]B。本题的测试点是状语短语。正确答案是even so,表示“即使这样,即使如此”。如:The new methods in not perfect.Even so,it is much better than the old one(新法并不完美,虽然如此,它比旧方法好得多)。选择项中[A]是最强干扰项。Even though做连词用,用来引导状语从句。例如:Even though he's very nice,I don't really trust him.(尽管他很好,我并不真正信任他)。而[Ctherefore表示“因此”,是副词。[Dthough用法同although,引导让步状语从句。据此可知,只有[BEven so是正确答案,符合句意。

55. I don't think it advisable that Tim _______ to the job since he has no experience.

A) is assigned B) will be assigned C) be assigned D) has been assigned

[译文]既然蒂姆没有经验,我认为把这项工作交给他是不明智的。

   [答案及分析]C。本题的测试点是虚拟语气在从句中的应用。其形式是“should+动词原形”

56. _______, a man who expresses himself effectively is sure to succeed more rapidly

than a man whose command of language is poor.

A) Other things being equal B) Were other things equal C) To be equal to other things D) Other things to be equal

[译文]在其它条件相同的情况下,一个善于表达自己的人要比一个不善言谈的人较快地获得成功。

   [答案及分析]A。本题的测试点是分词独立结构。分词做状语时,要特别注意其逻辑主语和谓语的动词的主语一致(如:They stood there,waiting for the bus.)。否则,分词必须有自己的主语(如:The rain having stopped,the soldiers continued their march.)。这种带逻辑主语的分词结构称做分词独立结构,或独立主格。本题的[B]、[C]、[D]都不符合这一语法结构。

57. _______ that my head had cleared, my brain was also beginning to work much better.

A) For B) Now C) Since D) Despite

[译文]既然我的脑子清醒了,我的智力就开始发挥得好多了。  

[答案及分析]B。本题的测试点是连词now thatnow(that)意为“既然,由于”,如:now(that)I am well again,I can go on with my work.(我既然恢复了健康,那就可以继续工作了)。[Afor和[Csince意为“因为,由于”,不与that连用。[Ddespite表示“尽管,任凭”,是介词,不能引导从句。据此可知,只有B正确。

58. The man in the corner confessed to _______ a lie to the manager of the company.

A) have told B) be told C) being told D) having told

[译文]屋角的那个人供认对公司经理说了慌。  

[答案及分析]D。本题的测试点是动名词的时态。当表示动名词的动作先于谓语动词时,要用动名词的完成时,形式为having done。例如:He was praised for having made a great contribution to his country.(他由于为国家做出了巨大的贡献而受到表扬)。另外,谓语动词confessed to要求跟动名词结构。[Ahave told和[Bbe told不能与confessed to搭配,而[Cbeing told含有被动意义,因此答案为[D

59. By 1929, Mickey Mouse was as popular _______ children as Coca-Cola.

A) for B) in C) to D) with

[译文]到1929年时,米老鼠(的形象)与可口可乐一们受到孩子们的欢迎。  

[答案及分析]D。本题的测试点是词组的搭配。be popular with表示“流行的,大众(或某种人)喜爱的,为一般人接受的”。例如:These artistic handicrafts are very popular with foreign friends.(外国朋友很喜欢这些工艺品)。另外三个选择项不符合题意。

60. Because Edgar was convinced of the accuracy of this fact, he _______ his opinion.

A) struck at B) strove for C) siuck to D) stood for

[译文]因为爱德加坚信这一事实的准确性,所以他坚持自己的观点。  

[答案及分析]D。本题的测试点是词组的搭配。stick to意为“坚持,固守”。如:Stick to the principles of Marxism Leninism.(坚持马列主义原则)。[Astruck at中的struckstrike(打击)的过去时,与stuck在形式上较接近。[B]项中的strovestrive(努力)的过去时,与本题无关;[Dstood for表示“代表,意味着”,与本题不符。因此,只有[C]项正确。

Part Vocabulary and Structure

31. Although punctual himself,the professor was quite used ______late for his lecture.

A) to have students B) for students' being C) for students to be D) to students' being

[译文]尽管这位教授自己很守时,但他已经习惯了学生上课迟到。

   [答案及分析]D(be)/become/get used to相当于(be)accustomed to意为“习惯于”,是习惯用法,to在此处是介词,后面须跟名词性成份。例如:I'm not used to being spoken to in that rude way(我不习惯别人作那样粗暴的态度对我讲话)。要注意use的另一个习惯用法:used to+不定式,表示“过去)常常,惯常”。例如:There used to be a lot of snow here in winter,but in recent years we scarcely had any(过去这里冬天常常下大雪,但近年来我们却很少遇到下雪)

32. You should have been more patient ______ that customerI'm sure that selling him

the watch was a possibility.

A) of B) with C) for D) at

[译文]如果你对那位顾客再耐心些,我相信他有可有会买这块表。

   [答案及分析]B。本题测试点是习惯用法。patient with sb.意为:“有耐性的;忍耐的;容忍的”。例如:be patient with a tired child.对疲倦的小孩要有耐心。be patient of sth.是一种古典用法,意为“能忍受”。

33. Neither of the young men who had applied for a position in the university ______ .

A) has been accepted B) have been accepted C) was accepted D) were accepted

[译文]这两个到大学求职的年轻人都没被聘用。

   [答案及分析]C。根据本句的意思,不难判断该时态是一般过去时而非完成时。关键在于D项有一定迷惑性。Neither的意思是“两者都不”,后面的谓语动词用单数。不定代词anyone,anybody,anything,everyone,everybody,everything,each,no one,one,someone,somebody,something等作主语时,谓语用复数。不定代词all,both,either,neither,none,some,more即可单独作主语,也可用:“all+of+名词”作主语,其中:(1)all,any,none,more,someall,any,none,more,some+of+名词作主语时,谓语的单复数应视其概念是否表示单数或复数而定。(2)bothboth of作主语时,谓语也常用单数。(3)either,neither格主语,谓语应用单数,而“either,neither+of短语”作主语时,谓语也常用单数。例如:Neither of the girls has turned in the term papers to the instructor yet.(这两个女孩都没有将学年论文交给导师)

34. This box is too heavy, ______ give me a hand?

A) would you mind B) would you please C) will you like to D) will you please to

[译文]这个箱子太重了,你可以帮我一下吗?

   [答案及分析]B。在表示请求时,可以有以下几种表达方法,可见下面的例句比较。Would you like to go/prefer to go/mind going instead of me?(你愿意替我去吗?)上述三个句子中的would不能换成will.在这里,would表示时间。另外,上面的命名的意思还可用以下形式表达:Would/will you please go instead of me?

35. ______ he works hard, I don't mind when he finishes the experiment.

A) As soon as B) As well as C) So far as D) So long as

[译文]只要他努力去做就行,我并不在乎他什么时候完成实验。

   [答案及分析]D。本题测试点是词组的用法。As soon as表示“一……就”Please write to us as soon as you get there.(一到那儿就请给我们来信)as well as意为“同样;也;和”,相当于in addition toand alsoas(so)far as意为“到……程度,就……而言,尽……所能,一直()到……”;so long as意为“只要;如果(引出条件状语从句)”。例如:This project can go on as/so long as it is out raining(只要不下雨,工程就可以继续进行)。根据句意,D项恰当。

36. As early as 1647 Ohio made a decision that free, taxsupported schools must be established in every town ______ 50 households or more.

A) having B) to have C) to have had D) having had

[译文]早在1647Ohio就做出决定;在每个有50户以上居民的城镇中必须建立免费的由财政支持的学校。

   [答案及分析]A。分词可以作定语,修饰或是限制一个名词,可以放在它前面,也可以放在它后面。一般说来,简单分词放在名词前面,分词短语放在名词后面,现在分词短语必须放在所修饰的名词的后面,它相当于一个包含一般时或进行时谓语的从句(完成分词不能这样用)

37. People appreciate ______ with him because he has a good sense of humor.

A) to work B) to have worked C) working D) having worked

[译文]人们喜欢和他在一起工作,因为他富有幽默感。

   [答案及分析]C。英语中有些动词只接动名词作直接宾语。大多数动词既可接不定式,也可接动名词。但是我们有极少数动词跟这两种形式含义是不同的,需要特别注意。Appreciate后面只能接动名词作宾语。

38. The mad man was put in the softpadded cell lest he ______ himself.

A) injure B) had injured C) injured D) would injure

[译文]这个疯子被关进一间软垫防护的小室内,以免他弄伤了自己。

   [答案及分析]A。在由lest(书面语)引起的从句中用虚拟语气,表示“唯恐”,谓语动词多由should构成,should也可省略。例如:I always speak slowly lest I should be misunderstood.(should也可省略)

39. We love peace, yet we are not the kind of people to yield ______ any military

threat.

A) up B) to C) in D) at

[译文]我们爱好和平,但我们不是那种屈从于武力威胁的人。

   [答案及分析]B。本题测试点是动词和介词的搭配。yield to sb./sth.是习惯用法,意为“让步,屈服;不再反对”。yield(up)sth.(to sb.)也是一个惯用法,但表示“放戏,弃守”。

40. Although he knew little about the large amount of work done in the field, he

succeeded ______ other more well informed experimenters failed.

A) which B) that C) what D) where

[译文]尽管对这个领域已做过的工作他知之甚少,但在那些所知比他多的人失败的地方他却取得了成功。

   [答案及分析]D。回答问题的关键在于弄清引导定语从句的关系词所指代的是什么,既弄清其先行词是哪个。本题中关系词所指代的是the field,是“地点”,所以用关系副词where

41. If tap water were as dangerous as some people think, ______ would be getting sick.

A) a lot of more us B) more a lot of us

C) a lot of us more D) a lot more of us

[译文]如果自来水象某些人想象的那么危险,我们中的许多人都会得病了。

   [答案及分析]Dmore用来限定lot,应放在lot后,其他如more a lot of us等说法不合习惯。

42. Living in the central Australian desert has its problems,______ obtaining water is not the least.

A) for which B) to which C) of which D) in which

[译文]生活在澳大利亚沙漠中有一些麻烦,其中获取水还不是最严重的。

   [答案及分析]C。这是一个常见的非限制性定语从句,根据先行词problems和引导词which之间的意思、逻辑上的关系,可知应用介词of

43. Which sport has the most expenses ______ training equipment, players' personal equipment and uniforms?

A) in place of B) in terms of C) by means of D) by way of

[译文]就训练设备、运动员的个人装备和服装而言,哪种运动花费最大。

   [答案及分析]B。本题测试点是短语辨义.in place of意为“代替”有时也说in the place of,还可以说in one's placeby means of意为“用;以,凭,依靠”,如:He opened the lock by means of a key(他用钥匙开了锁)by way of表示“通过……方式”。in terms of相当于in(the)light of,意为“根据;从……方面(说来)”。例如:In terms of salary,the job is terrible.根据句意可知[B]项合适。

44. They are going to have the serviceman ______ an electric fan in the office tomorrow.

A) install B) to install C) to be installed D) installed

[译文]他们准备让勤杂工明天在办公室安装一台电扇。

   [答案及分析]A。在使役动词have,let,leave(let的含义)make后面作宾补的不定式应为省to,have sb.do sth.意为“使()某人做某事”。如:What would you have me do?(你要我什么?)需注意have sb.do sth.have sth.done的区别。后者意为“使某物被……”,如:I must have these shoes repaired(我必须把这些鞋子拿去全盘修)

45. I'm sure he is up to the job ______ he would give his mind to it.

A) if only B) in case C) until D) unless

[译文]只要他专心去做,我相信他能胜任这项工作。

   [答案及分析]Aif only意为“但愿;要是……就,只要”,是个复合从属连词,引导条件状语从句,相当于as long as如:We can surely overcome these difficulties if only we are closely united.(只要我们紧密地团结一致,一定能克服这些困难。)until既可作介词,又可作连词,意为“到……为止,直到”。Unless表示“若不;除非;如果……不;除非在……的时候”。in case意为“若;如果;万一”。如:In case I forget,please remind me of my promise.(如果我忘记了,请提醒我的诺言)。根据句意应选[A]项。

46. The car ______ halfway for no reason.

A) broke off B) broke down C) broke up D) broke out

[译文]这车在半路上无缘无故地坏了。

   [答案及分析]B。本题测试点是动词短语。break up意为“破碎;碎解;瓦解;(喻,指人)身体衰弱;(指学校等)这期结束,放寒()假;(指婚姻或关系)结束;分开”。break off意为“停止说话;中断说话;停顿,暂时停止;(使)断折;突然断绝,突然中止”。break out表示“(指火灾、疾病、战争、暴动、暴乱)突然发生;逃脱”。break down意为“崩溃,瓦解;(指机器等)出毛病、坏掉”。例如:The car/engine/machinery broke down(汽车/发动机/机器坏掉了)

47. The newcomers found it impossible to ______ themselves to the climate sufficiently to make permanent homes in the new country.

A) suit B) adapt C) regulate D) coordinate

[译文]这些新来者发现,自己在这个新国家要完全适应这种气候以永久安家是不可能的。

   [答案及分析]Bsuit的英文解释为“satisfy;meet the needs of;be convenient to or right for”,意为“使满意,适应……的要求;适应……;对……方便”。例如:Does the climate suit you?(这气候对你合适吗?)adapt用英文可解释为make suitable for a new use,need,situation,etc意为“使适应,使配合,改编;改写”。例如:When you go to a new country,you must adapt yourself to new manners and customs.(当你到一个新的国家时,你必须使自己适应新的风俗习惯。)regulate的英文解释为adjust(an apparatus,mechanism)to get the desired result,意为“调节,校准(仪器,机械)”。o-ordinate用英文解释是:make co-ordinate;bring or put into proper relation,意为“使平等;使同等;使有适当关联;调和,使协调”。例如:to co-ordinate one's movements when swimming.(游泳时协调各部的动作)。根据上述四个单词的区别,易知B项与句意吻合。

48. A ______ to this problem is expected to be found before long.

A) result B) response C) settlement D) solution

[译文]这个问题的解决方法有望在不久后被找到。

   [答案及分析]Dresult作为名词,意为“结果,效果,成绩;由计算得到的某项结果;(数学问题等的)答案”。response意为“回答,反应”。settlement意为“解决(the act of settling);和解;清偿”。solution意为“(问题的)解答,(困难的)解决方式或方法”。D项与句意吻合。

49. You have nothing to ______ by refusing to listen to our advice.

A) gain B) grasp C) seize D) earn

[译文]你不听我们的忠告会导致你一无所获。

   [答案及分析]A。本题测试点是探询动词的辨析。gain意为“获得,赢得;增加,增进;获利”。seize意为“抓住;捉住;夺取;占领”。grasp意为“掌握;理解;抓紧;抓住”。earn意为“赚得;挣得;博得”。根据句意A项合适。

50. As a result of careless washing the jacket ______ to a child's size.

A) compressed B) shrank C) dropped D) decreased

[译文]由于洗的时候不小心,这件夹克缩到小孩的迟寸了。

   [答案及分析]Bcompress意为“紧压;压缩(以便置于较小空间),如:compress cotton into bales.shrink意为“(使)收缩;(使)绉缩(尤指布浸湿后之收缩)”。如:Those jeans will shrink in the wash.drip“滴下,落下;失落”。decrease表示“减不,减小”。只有B与句意吻合。

51. He hoped the firm would ______ him to the Paris branch.

A) exchange B) transmit C) transfer D) remove

[译文]他希望公司能将他调到巴黎的分部。

   [答案及分析]Cexchange意为“交换,兑换,调换”。transmit意为“传播,播送;传递,传导”。transfer表示“迁移,调动;换车;转让,过户”。remove表示“排除,消除,去掉;搬迁,移动,运走”。显然C项与句意吻合。

52. Having decided to rent a flat, we ______ contacting all the accommodation agencies in the city.

A) set about B) set down C) set out D) set up

[译文]在决定了租一套房子后,我们开始着手联系城里的房屋经纪人。

   [答案及分析]A。本题测试点是动词词组的用法。set about意为“开始,着手”,是强调有目的地全力以赴开始做某事或处理某事。about是介词,后常接名词或动名词,也可接动词不定式。如:When all the grain had been removed,he set about helping homeless women and children to places of safety(运完了粮食,他就开始帮助把无家可归的妇女和儿童送到安全的地方。)set out表示“出发,启程”,set out do sth.意为“朝某个目标进行;为了某个目的而努力”。set down的意思是“放下,御下”。set up表示“竖起;建立;设立”。可见A与句意吻合。

53. The relationship between employers and employees has been studied ______.

A) originally B) extremely C) violently D) intensively

[译文]雇主与雇员之间的关系已被做了精深的研究。

   [答案及分析]Doriginally意为“新颖地;独特地;别出新裁地”。violently意为“使用暴力地;显示暴力地;伴以暴力地;猛烈地;强烈地;激烈地;凶暴地”。extremely意为“(与形容词和副词连用,表示强度)极端的,极度地”。intensively表示“强烈地;地;密集地”。根据句意,D项恰当。

54. ______their differences. The couple were developing an obvious and genuine affection for each other.

A) But for B) For all C) Above all D) Except for

[译文]尽管这对恋人之间有些性格差异,他们却正在形成明显的、真挚的爱情。

   [答案及分析]Bbut for意为“要不是;要是没有(要求跟虚拟语气的谓语)”。for all表示“虽然,尽管”,例如:For all his wealth,he s not happy(他尽管有钱,他并不幸福)above all意为“尤其是;最重要的是”。except for表示“除……之外”。B项与句意吻合。

55. One day I ______ a newspaper article about the retirement of an English professor at a nearby state college.

A) came across B) came about C) came after D) came at

[译文]一天我在报纸上偶然发现一篇关于东邻近某州大学的一位英语教授退休报道。

   [答案及分析]A。本题测试点是动词的用法。come across sb./sth.意为“偶然发现或遇见某人(某物)”,例如:I came across this old brooch in a curio shop.(我在一家古玩店里偶然发现了这枚古老的扣花)come about意为“发生”,come after表示“跟随;追踪;追搏”。come at表示“达到;接近;得到”。根据句意可知应选D项。

56. She was complaining that the doctor was ______ too much for the treatment he was giving her.

A) expending B) offering C) costing D) charging

[译文]她正在抱怨那位医生收费太高。

   [答案及分析]D。本题测试点是近义动词的辨析。expend意为“花费;使用;耗尽;用光”。Offer意为“提供;提出;出价”。cost意为“价值(若干);花(多少钱)”。charge意为“索价;要价”,例如:He charged me fifty pence for it.(这件东西他向我索价五十便士)D项与句意吻合。

57. The manager spoke highly of such ______ as loyalty, courage and truthfulness shown by his employees.

A) virtue B) features C) properties D) characteristics

[译文]这位经理高度赞扬他的员工所表现的诸如忠诚、勇敢、守信等美德。

   [答案及分析]Avirtue意为“善;德行;美德;好处;优点”。feature意为“面貌的一部分(口鼻等)()容貌;面貌;相貌;特色;特征;(常作定语)(报纸上的)特定;特别报导”。property有“特性,忏悔,性质”的意思。characteristic意为“特点;特质;特征;特色”。A项与句意吻合。

58. Since the matter was extremely ______ , we dealt with it immediately.

A) tough B) tense C) urgent D) instant

[译文]由于事情非常紧急,我们立即处理了它。

   [答案及分析]C。本题测试点是形容词的辨义。tough意为“指肉)坚韧的,咬不动的;强韧的;不易切开;难以执行的;困难的”。tense意为“(字面或比喻)拉紧的;紧张的”。urgent表示“需要立即决定或行动的;急迫的;(指人,其声音等)表示某物是急迫的;坚持某项要求的”,例如:An SOS is an urgent message.instant意为“即刻的,立刻的,紧急的”。根据句意选C项合适。

59. You don't have to be in such a hurry, I would rather you ______ on business first.

A) would go B) will go C) went D) have gone

[译文]你没有必要这么着急。我宁愿你先去上班。

   [答案及分析]Cwould rather意为“宁愿,宁可”。Would  rather,had rather,might as well,would as soon等短语往往引起虚拟的宾语从句。这些结构表示对未来推测的一处情况,后面跟上省去that的宾语从句,从句谓语要用过去式。又如:I would rather that my father gave me a pen as my birthday present.

60. When I try to understand ______that prevents so many Americans from being as happy as one might expect, it seems to me that there are two causes.

A) why it does B) what it does C) what it is D) why it is

[译文]当我试图认识究竟是什么使得美国人不能象其期望的那么幸福时,在我看来有两上原因。

   [答案及分析]C。宾语从句可由连接that词引起,that仅起连接作用,常可省略。若连接词在句子中兼起一个句子成份的作用,则应使用what, how, when,why,who,which,where等连词,但应用陈述句的语气,不要用疑问句形式。在本题中可以看出,连接词在句子中应做表语,所以只能用what.

Part Vocabulary and Structure

41. The last half of the nineteenth century _______ the steady improvement in the means of travel.

A) has witnessed B) was witnessed C) witnessed D) is witnessed

[译文]19世纪后半叶交通手段不断改进。

   [分析]C。这是一个拟人化的用法,句子可直译为:13世纪后半叶见证了交通手段的稳步改进。句中空格后有宾语,再加上句意如此可知空格处应填入的谓语是主动形式。根据句子主语所表明的时间,谓语动词应用过去时。

42.The shy girl felt _______ and uncomfortable when she could not answer her teacher's questions.

A) amazed B) awkward C) curious D) amused

[译文]这个羞涩的女孩回答不上老师的提问时,感到很尴尬、不自在。

 [分析]Bamazed意为“惊奇的”,awkward表示“尴尬的”,curious是“好奇的”,amused是“好玩的,有趣的”。

43.Ann never dreams of _______ for her to be sent abroad very soon.

A) there being a chance. B) there to be a chance C) there be a chance D) being a chance

[译文]安妮从来不敢想像她有机会被很快送往国外。

   [答案及分析]A。动词(dream)+介词(of)构成的短语后面应跟名词性短语或从句。

44.It was very kind of you to do the washing-up, but you _______ it.

A) mustn't have done B) wouldn't have done C) mightnt have done D) didnt have to do

[译文]你把这些洗了,你真是太好了。但是你没有必要洗的。

   [答案及分析]D。可参见961月第23题的注释。

45.Frequently single-parent children _______ some of the functions that the absent

adult in the house would have served.

A) take off B) take after C) take in D) take on

[译文]单亲儿童往往要承担一些其不在了的父亲或母亲原来在家中承担的责任。

   [答案及分析]Dtake off(拿走,脱上,起飞)take in(接受,容纳;领会,理解;欺骗)take after(与……相像)take on(承担,从事;呈现,具有,装出;接纳,接受)

46.He gives people the impression _______ all his life broad.

A) of having spent B) to have spent C) of being spent D) to spend

[译文]他给人一种一生都在海外度过的印象。

   [答案及分析]A。根据impression的习惯用法,后接of,排除BD两项;根据句意,被选项应该采用主动形式,因为Hespend这一行为的发出者。

47.A peculiarly pointed chin is his most memorable facial _______. A) mark B) feature C) trace D) appearance

[译文]下巴特别尖是他最令人难忘的面部特征。

   [答案及分析]B。题干中的facial是个形容词,意为“面孔的,面部用的”。四个选项分别是:mark(记号,标记,痕迹;分数)feature(面貌,容貌;特色);trace(痕迹,踪迹)appearance(外表,外观)

48.I'd rather you _______ make any comment on the issue for the time being.

A) don't B) wouldn't C) didn't D) shouldn't

[译文]我倒希望你暂时先别就此事发表意见。

   [答案及分析]Cwould rather意为“宁愿、宁可”,后接名词从句时,常常省去that,从句动词用虚拟语气。需要注意的是,也可用had rather。二者相比较,had rather不如would rather用的多,在谈到将来或对一种情况推测时一般用would rather

49.All things _______, the planned trip will have to be called off.

A) considered B) be considered C) considering D) having considered

[译文]考虑到所有问题,原计划的旅游将不得淡取消。

   [答案及分析]A。此题测试分词的独立结构。All things是及物动词consider的爱动者,故表示主动形式的CD可被排除。动词原形只能用在虚拟句中,故B也被排除。

50.John Dewey believed that education should be a preparation for life, that a person

learns by doing, and that teaching must _______ the curiosity and creativity of children.

A) seek B) stimulate C) shape D) secure

[译文]John Dewey认为教育应该是生活的准备,一个人应该通过实践来学习,教学必须激发孩子的好奇心和创造力。

   [答案及分析]Bseek(寻找、探求;试图、企图)stimulate(激发,刺激,使兴奋;鼓励,鼓舞)shape(形成,成形,塑造)secure(得到,获得;防护,保卫)

51.Criticism and self-criticism is necessary _______ it helps us to find and correct our mistakes.

A) by that B) at that C)on that D) in that

[译文]在帮助我们发现和纠正错误的过程中,批评和自我批评必要的。

   [答案及分析]D。根据句意及备选项,空格后应为介词带宾语从句结构,连词为that,that引导的介词宾语只能与in,but,except,besides等少数介词连用。故D项正确。

52.However, at times this balance in nature is _______, resulting in a number of

possibly unforeseen effects.

A) troubled B) disturbed C) confused D) puzzled

[译文]然而,自然界的这种平衡往往会被打破,从而导致大量可能无法预见的后果。

   [答案及分析]Btrouble(麻烦,打扰)disturb(扰乱,妨碍,打乱,打破;打扰,使不安)confuse(混淆,搞乱;使混乱,使糊涂)puzzle(使迷惑)

53.If she doesn't tell him the truth now, he'll simply keep on asking her until she _____.

A) does B) has done C) will do D) would do

[译文]如果她现在不告诉他真相,他会不停地追问直到她说出来为止。

   [答案及分析]A。在由after,as,as soon as,before,once,until,when,while等引导的时间状语从句和由as long as,if,unless等引导的条件状语从句中,若主句用将来时,则从句要用一般现在时表示将来。

54.The patient's health failed to such an extent that he was put into _______ care.

A) tense B) rigid C) intensive D) tight

[译文]这位病人的健康状况恶化到了如此程度,因此被加以精心护理。

   [答案及分析]Ctense(拉紧的,紧张的)rigid(刚硬的,刻板的,严厉的)tight(紧,紧身的;密封的,紧密的)intensive(加强的,集中的;精深的,精心的)

55.Does everyone on earth have an equal right _______ an equal share of its r esources? A) by B) at C) to D) over

[译文]地球上的每一个人对地球上的资源都享有同等的权利吗?

   [答案及分析]Cright to应视为固定搭配,意为“对……的权利”。

56.Americans eat _______ as they actually need every day.

A) twice as much protein B) twice protein as much twice C) twice protein as much D) protein as twice much

[译文]美国人每天摄入的蛋白质是他们实际需要量的两倍。

   [答案及分析]Amuch修饰名词,应放在名词之前,即放在protein之前。twice表示倍数,修饰as much protein as,也应置前,故选A

57.In 1914, an apparently insignificant event in a remote part of Eastern Europe

_______ Europe into a great war.

A) inserted B) imposed C) pitched D) plunged

[译文]1914年,发生在东欧一个偏远地区的一件不显眼的事件使欧洲陷入一场战争。

   [答案及分析]D。四个备选项分别是:insert(插入,嵌入)impose(<征税>,强加<on>)pitch(投,掷<球等>,抛,丢弃)plunge(跳入,<使>投入,<使>陷入)

58.The British are not so familiar with different cultures and other ways of doing things, _______ is often the case in other countries.

A) as. B) what C) so D) that

[译文]英国人对与其不同的文化和行为方式不太熟悉,其他国家也往往如此。

   [答案及分析]A。这是四、六级考试常见的一个考点。本题后半部分属关系代词as连接引出定语从句结构,可置于句首或句尾。As在此处指代前面主句的整个谓语。That不能用于非限定性定语从句。

59.There are few electronic applications _______ to raise fears regarding future

employment opportunities than robots.

A) likely B) more likely C) most likely D) much likely

[译文]很少有其他电子设备能比机器人更引起人们对将来就业的担忧了。

   [答案及分析]B。本句是一个比较结构。双音节或多音节形容词,多以前面加more的方式构成比较级,以加most的方式构成最高级。

60.We had to _______ a lot of noise when the children were at home.

A)go in for B) hold on to C) put up with D) keep pace with

[译文]当孩子们在家的时候,我们不得不忍受吵闹。

   [答案及分析]C。四个选项分别是:go in for(从事,致力于,追求,沉迷于)hold on to(紧紧抓住)put up with(容忍,忍受)keep pace with(同速前进,<与某人>并驾齐驱)

61.What he said just now had little to do with the question _______ discussion.

A) on B) in C) under D) at

[译文]他刚才说话和正在讨论的问题关系不大。

   [答案及分析]Cunder discussion是一个习惯搭配。

62.We need a chairman _______.

A) for whom everyone has confidence B) in whom everyone has confidence C) who everyone has confidence of D) whom everyone has confidence on.

[译文]我们需要一个每个人都对其怀有信心的主席。

   [答案及分析]B。注意confidence构成的两个短语:have/place confidence in意为“信任;自信”(be)feel confidence/of(that从句)表示“确信”。

63.Over a third of the population was estimated to have no _______ to the health

service.

A) assessment B) assignment C) exception D) access

[译文]据估计有超过三分之一的人口无法获得保健服务。

   [答案及分析]Dhave/gain/get access to意为“有接近(进入,使用)……的机会和权利”。assessment意为“估计;评估;所估计之数额”。assignment意为“分配;分派;所分派之事物”。exception意为“例外”。access意为“接近,进入;人口,通路”。

64.Excuse me. If your call's not too urgent, do you mind _______ mine first?

A) I make B) if I make C) me to make D) that I make

[译文]对不起,如果你的电话不很急的话,能否让我先打。

   [答案及分析]Bdo you mind后常跟两种形式:do you mind+doing sth.do you mind+if从句。

65.Professor Taylor's talk has indicated that science has a very strong _______ on the everyday life of non-scientists as well as scientists.

A) motivation B) perspective C) impression D) impact

[译文]Taylor教授的演讲表明:对于科学家和非科学家的日常生活,科学都具有重要影响。

   [答案及分析]D。四个备选项分别是:motivation(动机)perspective(前景,前途)impression(印象,感想)impact(碰撞,撞击;强烈的印象或影响)

66.After a few rounds of talks, both sides regarded the territory dispute _______ .

A) being settled B) to be settled C) had settled D) as settled

[译文]经过几轮谈判,双方认为领土纠纷已经解决。

   [答案及分析]Dregard sth.to be doneregard sth.as done这两种结构都成立,但前者属非正式用法,在正式考题中当选后者。

67.Floods cause billions of dollars worth of property damage _______.

A) relatively B) actually C) annually D) comparatively

[译文]每年洪水都造成价值数十几亿美元的财产损失。   [答案及分析]C。四个备选项作为副词分别为:relatively(相对地,比较地)actually(实际地,现实地);annually(每年)comparatively(比较地,相当地)

68.We are all for your proposal that the discussion.

A) be put off B) was put off C) should put off D) is to put off

[译文]我们都赞成你将讨论延期的建议。

   [答案及分析]Aall for在口语中表示“极其赞成”。put sth.off意为“延期”。表示提议、命令、要求、重要性、必要性、可能必等含义的动词、形容词、过去分词和名词一般要求引起虚拟语气,从句中的谓语要用动词原形成should+动词原形。这在四、六级考试中是个常见的考点。

69.These goods are _______ for export, though a few of them may be sold on the home market.

A) essentially B) completely C) necessarily D) remarkably

[译文]这些商品基本上是用于出口,尽管其中一部分也在国内市场销售。

   [答案及分析]A。四个备选的副词分别为essentially(基本上)completely(完全地,彻底地)necessarily(必要地;必然地,必定地)remarkably(不平常地,值得注意地)

70.The course normally attracts 20 students per year, _______ up to half will be from overseas.

A) in which B) for whom C) with which D) of whom

[译文]这门课一般每年有20个学生,其中将近一半来自国外。

   [答案及分析]D。题干中的up to是一短语,意为“直到,将近,达到”。本题测试点是非限制性定语从句结构。首先可以确定;定语从句中的关系代词的先行词是students,代词指代人,所以AC项可排除。half of是固定搭配,所以选D。将本句进行分解就很容易理解了:The course normally attracts 20 students per year(up to)half of them will be from overseas.

Part Vocabulary and Structure

41. A person's calorie requirements vary _______ his life.

A) within         B) over           C) throughout        D) across

[译文]一个人对热量的需求整个一生都在变化。

   [答案及分析]Cthroughout作为介词有“在整个期间(from end to end of)”之意,符合句意。

42. A survey was carried out on the death rate of new-born babies in tat region, ______were surprising.

A) the results of which   C) the results of itB) as results   D) which results

[译文]在那个地区进行了一次关于初生婴儿死亡率的调查,调查结果令人吃惊。

   [答案及分析]A。从句子结构分析,不难看出逗号后的句子为定语从句。BC两项中没有关系代词,故可被排除。再根据the resultsurvey两者的关系,survey应是result的定语,即the result of survey,用关系代词which指代survey,故答案为A

43. Generous public funding of basic science would _________ considerable benefits for the country's health, wealth and security.

A) result from      B) settle down      C) lie in           D) lead to

[译文]足够的基础科学基金会对国民的健康、财富、安全带来相当可观的好处。

   [答案及分析]D。本题测试动词短语的辨析:result from(起因于,产生于)settle down(定居,过安定的生活)lie in(在于)lead to(通向,导致,引起)。有些同学误选A项,是将其与result in(导致)混淆了。

44. In a time of social reform, people's state of mind tends to keep _______ with the rapid changes of society.

A) step           B) pace             C) touch          D) progress

[译文]在社会变革时期,人们的思想状态趋向于和社会的迅速变化一起发展。

   [答案及分析]B。题干中的tend to意思、为“趋向;有……的倾向”。笔者认为此题出得不太好,选A项也说得通。keep step with可表示“(与……)步调一致地行走或行进”,keep/hold pace with意为“(与……)齐步前进;(与……)并驾齐驱”。CD二项显然不对。

45. _______ in an atmosphere of simple living was what her parents wished for

A) The girl to be educated   C) The girl educated B) The girl's being educated    D) The girl was educated

[译文]这个女孩在朴素的生活氛围中接受教育,这是她父母所希望的。

   [答案及分析]B。本题干扰项是DD项作为主语从句缺少从属连词that的引导,故不可选。本题实际上是测试动名词的用法。B项为动名词作主语。在动名词必须表明它是谁的动作时,通常要在它前面加一个John's,my brother's,his这类所有格的词,作为它正式意义上的主语。不过,有时可用一个普通格的词如John,my brother,him来代替,尤其城非正式英语中这种用法较常见。

46. _______ the calculation is right, scientists can never be sure that they have included all variables and modeled them accurately.

A) If only         B) So long as        C) Even if         D) As far as

[译文]即便计算无误,科学家也永远无法确保他们已经考虑到了所有的变量并且模型的设立准确。

   [答案及分析]C。根据句意应选Even if(即使:即便,哪怕)引导让步状语从句。

47. My train arrives in New York at eight o'clock tonight. The plane I would like to take from there _______ by then.

A) will are left     B) would leave     C) had left        D) has left

[译文]我乘坐的火车将于今晚8点钟到达纽约。到那时我准备搭乘的班机将已经飞走了。

   [答案及分析]A。题干中前一个句子是一般现在时。一般现在时可用来表示按规定或计划将要发生的动作,此时通常应带有表示将来的时间状语。根据后一个句子中的时间状语可知本句应用将来完成时。

48. The speech which he made _________ the project has bothered me greatly.

A) concerned       B) being concerned    C) concerning    D) be concerned

[译文]他听做的关于那个项目的讲话使我感到很厌烦。

   [答案及分析]Cconcern是一个及物动词,意为“涉及”。concerning则是一个介词,意为“关 于”。

49. Harry was _______ by a bee when he was collecting the honey.

A) scratched        B) bitten           C) stuck          D) stung

[译文]Harry采蜜时被蜜蜂叮了一下。

   [答案及分析]D。本题测试动词的辨析:scratch(抓,搔)bite(叮,咬)stick(插,扎,刺;贴)sting(叮螫)bite指“咬”或蚊虫的“叮咬”,sting只用于蚊虫类的蜂利器官的“叮咬”,最典型的便是蜜蜂的“螫”。

50. The thief tried to open the locked door but ______.

A) in vain          B) in no way      C) at a loss       D) without effect

[译文]这个小偷试图打开锁着的门,但却白费劲。

   [答案及分析]Ain vain意为“徒劳,无效”;in no way表示“决不,无论如何不”;at a loss意为“迷惑,不知所措”。

51. All flights ________ because of the snowstorm, many passengers could do nothing but take the train.

A) were canceled     B) having been canceled      C) had been canceled   D) have been canceled

[译文]所有的航班都已因暴风雪而被取消,许多乘客除了乘火车外别无他法。

   [答案及分析]B。分词的独立主格结构这一考点已在四、六级考试中反复出现多次。

52. ________ seeing the damage he had done, the child felt ashamed.

A) At           B) By          C) On             D) For

[译文]看到他造成的损失,这个小孩感到很羞愧。

   [答案及分析]C。这是一个习惯搭配。on在此处有“一……就……”之意。

53. Remember that customers don't ________ about prices in that city.

A) debate    B) dispute       C) bargain    D) consult

[译文]记住:在那个城市顾客买东西不讨价还价。

   [答案及分析]C本题测试支词词义辨析:debatedispute都有“争论、辩论”之意,但debate的介重陈述理由而辩论,dispute则侧重发生分歧而争辩;bargain意为“讨价还价”;consult则表示“咨询,请教;协商”。

54. Research findings show we spend about two hours dreaming every night, no matter what we _______ during the day.

A) must have done    B) would have done   C) should have done   D) may have done

[译文]研究结果表明:我们每晚有两个小时在做梦,而不管我们白天做什么。

   [答案及分析]D。关于“情态动词+完成时”的用法已考过多次,可参考96123题注解。

55. I hope that you'll be more careful in typing the letter. Don't _______ anything.

A) omit          B) leak          C) lack           D) withdraw

 [答案及分析]Aomit”在此意为“遗漏”。

56. This drop does not do well in soils _______ the one for which it has been specially developed.

A) beyond        B) rather than     C) outside       D) other than

[译文]除了这种土壤,这种作物在其他土壤中都生长不好,因为这种作物是专门为这种土壤培育的。

   [答案及分析]Dother than是一成语,意为“不同于,除了……以外”,例如:All parts of the bike other than the brakes are in good condition.(除了刹车,这辆自行车的其他部件都很好)rather than意为“()……而不……”,例如:Rather than accelerate the reaction this compound will bring about the side reaction.(这种化合物没有使反应加快,而是引起了副反应。)

57. "You are very selfish. It's high time you ______ that you are not the most important person in the world," Edgar said to his boss angrily.

A) have realized    B) should realize   C) realize       D) realized

[译文]“你太自私了。你应该认识到你并不是这世界上最重要的人。”Edgar生气地对他的老板说到。

   [答案及分析]D。这种虚拟句型已多次考过。It's(about,high)time引起虚拟语气,表示对现在或将来的事实的一种虚拟,从句中的谓语要用过去时,或would(should)+动词原形。

58. These two areas are similar _______ they both have a high rainfall during this season.

A) except that      B) in that          C) besides that    D) to that

[译文]这两个地区在这一点上很相似:在这个季节都有很大的降水量。

   [答案及分析]Bin作为介词有“在……方面”之意。

59. The tomato juice left a brown _______ on the front of my jacket.

A) track           B) trace           C) spot         D) point

[译文]蕃茄汁在我的夹克前部留下了一个紫色的斑迹。

   [答案及分析]C。四个选项分别是:track(行踪,航迹;小径,路;轨道,跑道)trace(踪迹,足迹;痕迹,遗迹)spot(斑点,污点;地点,场所)point()

60. If I hadn't stood under the ladder to catch you when you fell, you ______ now.

A) couldn't have smiled    B) wouldn't be smiling  C) didn't smile     D) won't smile

[译文]如果你摔下来时我不站在梯子下抓住你,你现在就不会笑了。

   [答案及分析]B。这是一个典型的混合式虚拟语气。从句表示与过去事实相反,主句表示与现在事实相反。关于虚拟语气,每次四、六级考试都必考无疑。本题是原封不动地照搬以前四、六级的一道考题。

61. The committee is totally opposed ______ any changes being made in the plans.

A) of     B) against        C) on     D) to

[译文]这位委员反对计划的任何变动。

   [答案及分析]Doppose和介词to是固定搭配,to有“针对……”之意。

62. We'll visit Europe next year ______ we have enough money.

A) provided    B) unless     C) until         D) lest

[译文]如果我们有足够的钱,我们明年将访问欧洲。

   [答案及分析]Aprovided(providing)是连词,意为“只要,如果”。

63. My father seemed to be in no _______ to look at my school report.

A) feeling          B) attitude        C) emotion      D) mood

[译文]我父亲似乎没有心情看我的学校报告。

   [分析]Dbe in the(be in on)mood to sth.是习惯用法,意为“有(没有)心情做某事”。mood意为“心情,情绪”。

64. When he realized the police had spotted him, the man ______ the exit as quickly as possible.

A) made for         B) made off        C) made up     D) made out

[译文]当意识到警察已经认出他时,这个男子以最快的速度冲向出口。

   [答案及分析]A。本题测试动词短词的辨析:make for(走向,冲向)make off(匆匆离开<尤指逃走>)make up(组成,构成;弥补;打扮等)make out sth/sb.(理解,领悟;写出;草拟;辨别)

65. I was advised to arrange for insurance _______ I needed medical treatment.

A) so that         B) in case         C) although        D) nevertheless

[译文]我被劝告去买保险以防生病。

   [答案及分析]Bin case是一常考习语,意为“以防(万一);如果;要是(后接从句)”,相当于in the event,nevertheless意为“然而,不过”,although意为“尽管,so that表示“目的是,以便能”,均不合题意。

66. Frankly speaking, I'd rather you ______ anything about it for the time being.

A) have done      B) haven't done     C) don't do        D) didn't do

[译文]对不起,我不能马上去见你;但如果你坐下等我一会,我过会儿就可跟你在一起。

   [分析]D。四个选项分别为:in a moment(稍过片刻)for moment(一会儿)for the moment(暂时)at the moment(现在,此刻)

67. I'm sorry I can't see you immediately; but if you'd like to take a seat, I'll be with you ________.

A) in a moment  B) for a moment     C) at the moment   D) for the moment

[译文]对不起,我不能马上去见你;但如果你坐下等我一会,我过会儿就可跟你在一起.

[答案及分析]A。四人选项分别为:in a moment (稍过片刻)for moment (一会称)for the moment (暂时)at the moment(现在,此刻)

68. The trumpet player was certainly loud. But I wasn't bothered by  his loudness ______ by his lack of talent.

A) more than     B) than           C) so much as      D) as

[译文]这个号手声音很大。但是我烦他声音大还不如烦他吹得糟糕更甚。

   [答案及分析]CBD两项不能正确地构成比较形式,而该题的前一句子就限定了对DC项的选择,因为作者更想说明的是his lack of talent

69. Our new house is very _______ for me as I can get to the office in five minutes.

A) adaptable      B) convenient      C) available       D) comfortable

[译文]我的新家对我来说非常便利,因为我到办公室只需5分钟。

   [答案及分析]B。四个选项分别为:adaptable(能适应的,可改变的)convenient(合适的,方便的,使免麻烦或困难的)available(可用的,有效的,可获得的)comfortable(<使身体>舒适的;安逸的)

70. Our journey was slow because the train stopped ______ at different villages.

A) continually     B) continuously    C) gradually       D) unceasingly

[译文]我们的旅行速度比较慢,因为火车连续在不同的小村庄停车。

   [答案及分析]A。本题实际上主要测试对continuallycontinuously辨析。我们看其形容词形式的区别:continual表示“不断的,连续的”,指在长时间内重复发生或持续,但连续之中有短暂的间断,如:Continual practice is necessary to anyone who wants to become a champion.(要获冠军须经常不断地训练。)continuous意为“连续的,持续不断的”强调在时间和空间上没有中断,例如:There was a continuous rain the whole day.(雨不停地下了一整天。)另外,还有一个单词需注意:constant,表示“经常的,不断的”,指在长时间以内以同样方式不断出现或重复,如:His constant repetition of the same mistake is very trying.(他经常犯同样错误,令人难以忍受。)

Part Vocabulary and structure

41.He came back late, _______ which time all the guests had already left.

A) after B) by C) at D) during

[译文]他回来得晚了,所有的客人都已经走了。

   [答案及分析]B。在与表示时间的名词搭配时,at指具体时刻、周末、节假日:by表示到某时为止动作已完成,意为“截止某时为止”,和完成时连用;during表示在一段时间内某事的进展。

42.I'm very sorry to have _______ you with so many questions on such an occasion.

A) interfered B) offended C) impressed D) bothered

[译文]在这时候问你那么多问题打扰你,真是不好意思。

   [答案及分析]Dinterfere(vi.干涉,冲突,妨碍;介入)offend(vt.激怒;使憎恨;使犯罪,使不愉快;vi.犯法,触犯)impress(vt.盖印;留下极深的印象;使感动;vi.引人注目)bother(vt.打扰,扰乱;麻烦;忧虑;vi.烦恼;惹麻烦)

43.If the whole operation _______ beforehand, a great deal of time and money would have been lost.

A) was not planned B) has not been planned

C) had not been planned D) were not planned

[译文]如果整个运作过程事先都没有计划好,会损失大量的时间和金钱。

   [答案及分析]C。根据主句可以看出,本题是一个表示与过去事实相反的虚拟句,此时从句的谓语应用had+过去分词。

44.The price of beer _______ from 50 cents to $4 per liter during the summer season.

A) altered B) ranged C) separated D) differed

[译文]复季每升啤酒的价格从50美分到4美元不等。

   [答案及分析]B。首先,本题空格处应填的是不及物动词。这四个备选都是不及物动词,意思分别是:alter(更改,改变)range(在……范围内变化;发布)separate(分开,隔离;开除)differ(相异,有区别;发生分歧)

45.His remarks left me _______ about his real purpose.

A) wondered B) wonder C) to wonder D) wondering

[译文]他的话让我怀疑他的真实意图了。

   [答案及分析]D。分析题干可知空格后部分在句中作宾语补足语。动名词、分词、不定式等三种非谓语动词都可以作宾补。但动名词和不定式作宾补时,往往都先由it代替该动名词或不定式。例如:He find it tiresome always trying to make money.(trying为动名词宾补。)又如:He found it necessary to keep silent about this.而本题是分词作宾补。

46.I have heard both teachers and students _______ well of him.

A) to speak B) spoken C) to have spoken D) speak

[译文]我曾听到老师和学生都称赞他。

   [答案及分析]D。不定式在感官动词后面作宾补时,to应省去,如:feel,hear,listen to,notice,observe,perceive,see,sense,watch等都属感官动词。但是,当这一不定式是to be时,则to不能省。

47.Our son doesn't know what to _______ at the university; he can't make up his mind

about his future.

A) take in B) take up C) take over D) take after

[译文]我们的儿子不知道在大学里该干些什么;他还没有决定将来做什么。

   [分析]Bmake up one's mind意为“下决心,决定;使某人下决心”。四个备选项分别take in(领会,理解;接受;收进;欺骗)take up(那起,接受;占据;开始从事)take over(接管,接受,接任)take after(与……相象)

48.The house was very quiet, _______ as it was on the side of a mountain.

A) isolated B) isolating C) being isolated D) having been isolated

[译文]这幢房子十分安静,是由于它在山麓上而被隔离开了。

   [答案及分析]A。分词作状语时,它的逻辑主语就是句子的主语,因此要视分词与它的逻辑主语之间是主动进行还是被动完成的关系来选择现在分词或过去分词。

49.Although they plant trees in this area every year, the tops of some hills are still

_______.

A) blank B) hollow C) vacant D) bare

[译文]尽管他们每年都在这个地方种树,但一些山顶还是光秃秃的。

   [答案及分析]Dblank(空白 ;完全的;未录音的;未填写的)hollow(空的;中空的)vacant(空的;茫然的;空缺的)bare(无遮蔽的;赤裸,光秃的;仅有的,勉强的)

50.Being a pop star can be quite a hard life, with a lot of travelling _______heavy schedules.

A) with regard to B) as to C) in relation to D) owing to

[译文]作为一个明星活得很辛苦。由地繁重的日程安排,得常常在外奔波。

   [答案及分析]Din/with regard to(关于)as to(关于,至于);in relation to(关于,有关);owing to(由于,因为)

51.Tony is very disappointed _______ the results of the exam.

A) with B) for C) toward D) on

[译文]考试成绩令托尼很失望。

   [答案及分析]A(be)disappointed about/at/in/of/with意为“对……感到失望”。一般说来,(be)disappointed about/at大都指事,(be)disappointed in/with大都指人(也可指事),而(be)disappointed of意为“因得不到……而感到失望”。

52.William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, _______ defended the right of every citizen to freedom of choice in religion.

A) peculiarly B) indifferently C) vigorously D) inevitably

[译文]William Penn,宾西法尼亚洲的开创者,不知疲倦地保卫每个公民的宗教信仰自由的权力。

   [答案及分析]Cpeculiarly(特有地;特别地;奇特地;不平常地;个别地)indifferently(漠不关心地;淡然地)vigorously(精力充沛的,精神饱满地;强健地,有活力地)inevitable(不可避免地;必然地)

53.I hope all the precautions against air pollution, ___ suggested by the local government, will be seriously considered here.

A) while B) since C) after D) as

[译文]我希望所有预防空气污染的措施一如同当地政府建议的-都能被郑重地考虑。

   [答案及分析]Das常用于引导一个非限制性的关系从句,无显著先行词。

54.When people become unemployed, it is _____ which is often worse than lack of wages.

A) laziness B) poverty C) idleness D) inability

[译文]当人失业时,比没有薪水更糟糕的是无事可做。

   [答案及分析]Claziness(懒惰,无精打采);poverty(贫穷)idleness(无工作,闲散;懒惰)inability(无力,无能)

55.I've never been to Beijing, but it's the place _______.

A) where I'd like to visit B) in which I'd like to visit

C) I most want to visit D) that I want to visit it most

[译文]我从来没有去过北京,但那是我最想去看看的地方。

   [答案及分析]BB项是一个省略了that的定语从句。本题最大的干扰项是Awhere是一个地点副词,放弃表示地点的名词后表示“在那里……”,它在定语从句中作状语。thatwhich则是关系代词,引导定语从句是往往在从句中作宾语。本题的定语从句显然缺少宾语成份-先行词placevisit的宾语。例如:This is the city where(=in which)we live.

56._______ his sister, Jack is quiet and does not easily make friends with others.

A) Dislike B) Unlike C) Alike D) Liking

[译文]与他姐姐不一样,Jack很内向,不轻易结交朋友。

   [答案及分析]Bdislike(vi & n.不喜欢,厌恶)unlike(prep.不像,和……不同;adj.不同的,相异的)alike(adj.& adv.相似的<>,相同的<>)likeing(n.爱好)like虽也可表示“像,跟……一样”,但此时是介词;like作为动词,意为“喜欢”。

57.This crop has similar qualities to the previous one, _______ both wind-resistant

and adapted to the same type of soil.

A) being B) been C) to be D) having been.

[译文]这种农作物和先前那种有类似的特性,都抗风吹、适应同一种土壤。

   [答案及分析]A。分词或分词短语可作解释性修饰语(Explanatory Modifiers),常放在主语前面或后面,由逗号把它和主语分开,就像一个作状语的分词一样。但是作状语的分词可表示时间、原因、条件、让步等,可改为一个状语从句,并修饰谓语动词。作解释性修饰语的分词若说明伴随的情况时,不能变为状语从句,这时对主语的说明多于谓语的说明。

58._______ you are leaving tomorrow, we can eat dinner together tonight.

A) For B) Since C) Before D) While

[译文]既然你打算明天才走,那今晚我们可以共进晚餐。

   [答案及分析]B。根据句意,空格处缺一表示原因的连词。for表原因时语气比because弱,很少用于口语,不能回答why所引导的分句只能是一种推理性的理由或对前面分句加以解释说明,有时的推论是倒果为因。不能位于句首。since表示“既然,因为”,语气比because弱,不能用来回答why,着重在已知事实的基础上从逻辑或推理方面来说明或引出结果,引导的从句多放在主句之前。as表示“由于,鉴于”时,用法与since一样,但语气更弱,because用以引导直接的、具体的和明确的原因,可用来回答why所引导的句子,多放在主句之后。

59.Some people would like to do shopping on Sundays since they expect to pick up

wonderful _______ in the marker.

A) batteries B) bargains C) baskets D) barrels

[译文]一些人喜欢在周六去购物,希望挑到一些价廉物美的东西。

   [答案及分析]Bbattery(电池,电池组;一组<一套>器具)bargain(协定;廉价货;交易;契约,合同)basket(篮子;一篮之量);barrel(桶;枪管,炮管)

60.We have been told that under no circumstances _______ the telephone in the office for personal affairs.

A) may we use B) we may use C) we could use D) did we use

[译文]我们被告知:在任何情况下我们都不能用办公室的电话谈私事。

   [答案及分析]A。宾语从句中否定词在句首,故引起倒装。根据句意应选A项。

61.In previous times, when fresh meat was in short _______, pigeons were kept by many

households as a source of food.

A) store B) provision C) reserve D) supply

[译文]先前,鲜肉供给不足时,许多人家就养鸽为食。

   [答案及分析]Dstore(储存,贮藏;积蓄;仓库)provision(准备,防备;供应)reserve(收藏,保存;贮藏物)supply(供给,供应,供给之物)in short supply是一习惯用法,意为“稀少的,缺乏的”。

62.As Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, I have directed that all measures ____ for our defense.

A) had been taken B) would be taken C) be taken D) to be taken

[译文]作为这支武装力量的总司令,我已下令采取一切措施加强保卫。

   [答案及分析]Cdirect等表示要求、提议、命令、推测、主观判断的动词要求引起虚拟的宾语从句。这种从句的谓语,美国人要求用动词原形,英国人要用should+动词原形。这类动词有:ask,advise,beg,consent,demand,desire,determine,decide,deserve,insist,intend,maintain,move(提议),propose,order,recommend,require,resolve,request,suggest,urge,vote等。

63.A thief who broke into a church was caught because traces of wax, found on his clothes, __ from the sort of candles used only in churches.

A) had come B) coming C) come D) that came

[译文]进入教堂的小偷被抓住了,因为在他衣服上发现的蜡迹来自只有教堂才用的那种蜡烛。

   [答案及分析]A。本题空格处应填入的成份是原因状语从句的谓语,所以BD都可被排除。C项时态不对。应用过去完成时,因come这一“动作”发生在find之前。

64.After the guests left, she spent half an hour _______ the sitting-room.

A) ordering B) arranging C) tidying up D) clearing away

[译文]客人离开后,她花了半个小时整理客厅。

   [答案及分析]Corder(vt.命令;订货;点菜;整顿;注定;vi.命令,指挥,订购)arrange(vt.安排;筹备;整理;计划;协定);tidy up是一固定短语,表示“整理”;clear away(消散,消失)

65.I was _______ the point of telephoning him when his letter arrived.

A) to B) on C) at D) in

[译文]当他的信到达的时候我正准备给他打电话。

   [答案及分析]Bbe on the point of doing sth是一惯用法,意为“正要做某事”。

66.In no country _______ Britain, it has been said, can one experience four seasons in the course of a single day.

A) other than B) more than C) better than D) rather than

[译文]除了在英帝国,在其他国家不可能一天之内有四季(注:英国因为殖民地遍布全球,所以同一时刻英帝国范围内不同地方可能季节不同)

[答案及分析]A

67.A lorry _______ Jane's cat and sped away.

A) ran over B) ran into C) ran through D) ran down

[译文]一辆卡车撞倒Jans的猫后加速跑了。

   [答案及分析]Drun over(浏览;把……过一遍,<车辆>等辗过)run into(<相当于come across>偶然;遇到,撞见,碰见)run through(贯穿,普遍存在于;浏览)run down(追赶上;与……相撞,撞倒)

68.The project _______ by the end of 2000, will expand the city's telephone network to cover 1,000,000 users.

A) accomplished B) being accomplished

C) to be accomplished D) having been accomplished

[译文]这项将于2000年前完工的工程将扩大该市的电话网至1000000用户。

   [答案及分析]C。分词或不定式都可做定语,但根据时间状语by the end of 2000,可知该定语应表示将来完成,故只有C项恰当。

69._______ evidence that languageacquiring ability must be stimulated.

A) If being B) It is C) There is D) There being

[译文]有证据表明;学习语言的能力必须被激发。

 [分析]C。若选AD两项,则句子没有谓语,所以只能从BC中寻找答案。Tat从句是evidence的同位语从句。同位语从句对与它有同位关系的名词作进一步解释或补充说明。关于同位语从句有三点需掌握:1)同语从句所说明的通常是抽象名词,如:appeal,answer,doubt,fear,fact,hope,idea,news,order,promise,question,remark,rumour,thought,theory等。2)同位语从句常用that引起,也可由how,whether,why,where,when引起。3)that既可引导同位语从句,也可引导定语从句;但引导同位语从句的that是从属连词,它在从句中不充当句子成份,只起连接作用。引导定语从句的that是关系代词,它既起连接作用,还在从句中作主语、宾语等成份。

70.Those gifts of rare books that were given to us were deeply _______.

A) appreciated B) approved C) appealed D) applied

[译文]那些作为礼物送给我们的珍贵图收深受重视。

   [答案及分析]Aappreciate(为……表示感激;重视;欣赏;领会,意识到)approve(赞成;同意;称许,批准)appeal(诉者;提请注意)apply(请求,申请;运用,应用)

 

 

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