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Cloze exercise 1

作者/来源:徐汇教师进修学院  周珽    发布时间:2005-08-23

Cloze exercise  One



Cloze 1

    During recent years we have heard much about "race": how this race does certain things and that race believes certain things and so on. Yet, the 61 phenomenon of race consists of a few surface indications.

We judge race usually 62 the colouring of the skin: a white race, a brown race, a yellow race and a black race. But 63 you were to remove the skin you could not 64 anything about the race to which the individual belonged. There is 65 physical structurethe brain or the internal organs to 66 a difference.

There are four types of blood. 67 types are found in every race, and no type is distinct to any race. Human brains are the 68 . No scientists could examine a brain and tell you the race to which the individual belonged. Brains will 69 in size, but this occurs within every race. 70 does size have anything to do with intelligence. The largest brain 71 examined belonged to a person of weak 72 . On the other hand, some of our most distinguished people have had 73 brains.

Mental tests which are reasonably 74 show no differences in intelligence between races. High and low test results both can be recorded by different members of any race. 75 equal educational advantages, there will be no difference in average standings, either on account of race or geographical location.

Individuals of every race 76 civilization to go backward or forward. Training and education can change the response of a group of people, 77 enable them to behave in a 78 way.

The behavior and ideals of people change according to circumstances, but they can always go back or go on to something new 79 is better and higher than anything 80 the past.

61. A) complete B) full C) total D) whole


62. A) in B) from C) at D) on

[答案及分析]:[B]本句意为:“我们常常根据肤色来判断处族”。介词from可表示“由(表示来源”,即“used to indicate the source from which taken”。

63. A) since B) if C) as D) while


64. A) speak B) talk C) tell D) mention


65. A) something B) everything C) nothing D) anything

[答案及分析]:[C]从下文中的详细说明可以看出在physical structure,the brain or the internal organs上是说不出任何东西的,故选择否定词nothing

66. A) display B) indicate C) demonstrate D) appear


67. A) Ail B) Most C) No D) Some


68. A) same B) identical C) similar D) alike


69. A) remain B) increase C) decrease D) vary


70. A) Only B) Or C) Nor D) So


71. A) ever B) then C) never D) once

[答案及分析]:[D]根据句意此处应填一个表示“曾经”的词。over表示“曾经”,但一般用于现在完成时疑问句中,如:Have you ever been to Shanghai-once表示“曾经”则常置于句子中间,如:He once lived in Shanghai.

72. A) health B) body C) mind D) thought


73. A) big B) small C) minor D) major


74. A) true B) exact C) certain D) accurate


75. A) Provided B) Concerning C) Given D) Following


76. A) make B) cause C) move D) turn


77. A) and B) but C) though D) so


78. A) ordinary B) peculiar C) usual D) common


79. A) that B) what C) whichever D) whatever


80. A) for B) to C) within D) in

[答案及分析]:[Din the past是习惯用法,意为“过去,从前”。


Cloze 2

In a telephone survey of more than 2000 adults21% said they believed the sun revolved (旋转)around the earth.An 71 7% did not know which revolved around 72 I have no doubt that 73 all o f these people were 74 in school that the earth revolves around the sun 75 may even have written it 76 at est.But they never 77 their incorrect mental models of planetary (行星的) 78 because their every day observations didn't support 79 their teachers told them: People see the sun moving 80 the sky as morning turns to nightand the earth seems stationary (静止的) 81 that is happening.Students can learn the right answers 82 heart in classand yet never combined them 83 their working models of the world.The objectively correct answer the professor accepts and the 84 personal understanding of the world Can 85 side by sideeach unaffected by the other.

Outside of classthe student continues to use the 86 mod el be cause it has always worked well 87 that circumstance.Unless professors address 88 errors in students' personal models of the worldstudents are not 89 to replace them with the 90 one.

71. A) excessive B) extra C) additional D) added


72. A) what B) which C) that D) other

[答案及分析]B.与前一个which连用,句子意思是 “不知道哪个围绕着哪个转”。

73. A) virtually B) remarkably C) ideally D) preferably


74. A) learned B) suggested C) taught D) advised


75. A) those B) these C) who D) they

[答案及分析]D.they代替前面提到的all there people

76. A) on B) with C) under D) for

[答案及分析]A.on a test是固定短语,意思是“在一次考试中”。

77. A) formed B) altered C) believed D) thought


78. A) operation B) position C) motion D) location


79. A) how B) which C) that D) what


80. A) around B) across C) on D) above


81. A) since B) so C) while D) for


82. A) to B) by C) in D) with

[答案及分析]B.learn heart是固定搭配,意思是“把……牢记在心”。

83. A) with B) into C) to D) along


84. A) adult's B) teacher's C) scientist's D) student's


85. A) exist B) occur C) survive D) maintain


86. A) private B) individual C) personal D) own

[答案及分析]C.与前面出现的personal understanding相对应。

87. A) in B) with C) on D) for

[答案及分析]A.名词circumstance常与介词in连用,in this(that)circumstance“在这种(那种)情况下”。

88. A) general B) natural C) similar D) specific


89. A) obliged B) likely C) probable D) partial

[答案及分析] to do意思是“有(没有)可能做……”。

90. A) perfect B) better C) reasonable D) correct




Cloze 3

The task of being accepted and enrolled (招收) in a university begins early for some students. Long 71 they graduate from high school. These Students take special 72 to prepare for advanced study. They may also take one of more examinations that test how 73 prepared t hey are for the university. In the final year of high school, they 74 applications and send them, with their student records, to the universities which they hope to 75 . Some high school students may be 76 to have an interview with representatives of the university. Neatly , 77 , and usually very frightened, they are 78 to show that they have a good attitude and the 79 to succeed. When the new students are finally 80 there may be one more step they have to 81 before registering for classes and 82 to work. Many colleges and universities 83 an orientation (情况介绍) program for new students. 84 these programs, the young people get to know the 85 for registration and student advising, university rules, the 86 of the library and all the other 87 services of the college or university. Beginning a new life in a new place can be very 88 The more knowledge students have 89 the school, the easier it will be for them to 90 to the new environment. However, it takes time to get used to college life.

71. A) as B) after C) since D) before


72. A) courses B) disciplines C) majors D) subjects

[答案及分析]:[Acourse意为“课程,一门课(强调连续的讲授、学习过程)”。discipline指“学科,科目(branch of knowledge;subject of instruction)”。subject意为“题目,主题;科目,学科”,可用英文解释为“sth.(to be)talked or written about or studied”。major意为“主修学科”。

73. A) deeply B) widely C) well D) much


74. A) fulfil B) finish C) complete D) accomplish


75. A) attend B) participate C) study D) belong

[答案及分析]:[A]句意为“……他们希望上(进入)的大学”,belong表示“属于”,attend意为“参加,加入,出席(join)”,participate意为“分享,参与(have a share,take part in)”。

76. A) acquired B) considered C) ordered D) required


77. A) decorated B) dressed C) coated D) worn


78. A) decided B) intended C) settled D) determined

[答案及分析]:[Dbe determined to是固定用法,意为“决心”。AB两项用法不对,C与句意不合。

79. A) power B) ability C) possibility D) quality


80. A) adopted B) accepted C) received D) permitted


81. A) make B) undergo C) take D) pass

[答案及分析]:[Ctake step是固定搭配。

82. A) getting B) putting C) falling D) sitting

[答案及分析]:[Aget to do有“着手做某事”之意。

83. A) offer B) afford C) grant D) supply


84. A) For B) Among C) In D) On


85. A) processes B) procedures C) projects D) provisions


86. A) application B) usage C) use D) utility

[答案及分析]:[Capplication表示“应用、运用( bring a rule to bear on a case;putting to practical use)”;usage指“用法(way of using sth)”,use指“用,使用,利用”,utility指“有用性(quality of being useful)”。

87. A) major B) prominent C) key D) great


88. A) amusing B) misleading C) alarming D) confusing


89. A) before B) about C) on D) at


90. A) fit B) suit C) yield D) adapt

[答案及分析]:[Dadapt to是固定用法,表示“适应”。


Cloze 4

For the past two years, I have been working on students' evaluation of classroom teaching. I have kept a record of informal conversations \ \ 71\ \ some 300 students from at 72 twenty-one colleges and universities. The students were generally 73 and direct in their comments 74how course work could be better 75 . Most of their remarks were kindly 76 with tolerance rather than bitternessand frequently were softened by the 77 that the students were speaking 78 some, not all, instructors. Nevertheless, \ 79\ the following suggestions and comments indicate, students feel \ 80\ with things-as-they-are in the classroom.

Professors should be \ 81\ from reading lecture notes. It makes their \ 82\ monotonous (单调的).

If they are going to read, why not \ 83\ out copies of the lecture? Then we \ 84\ need to go to class. Professors should 85 repeating in lectures material that is in the textbook. 86


we've read the material, we want to \ 87\ it or hear it elaborated on, \ 88\ repeated. A lot of students hate to buy a 89text that the professor has written 90 to have his lectures repeat it.

71. A figuring B counting C covering D involving

[答案与分析]D 这里应是“涉及”,involving,因为some 300 students是谈话者,而不是谈话的内容。

72. A best B length C least D large

[答案与分析]C at least这一短语指学生来自不同的学校的数量。其他意义不合适。At(the)best“在最好的情况下”,“据最乐观的估计”,at length;最的,终于,详细地,充分地;at large;一般地,逍遥法外的,详尽地。

73. A frank B hard-working C polite D reserved

[答案与分析]A frank(坦率的)direct(直接的)并列,符合上下文题旨。

74. A over B on C at D of

[答案与分析]B oncomments(评论,评说)搭配,即“对……的评论”。

75. A written B submitted C described D presented

[答案与分析]D 注意present作动词的用法。应从“呈现,展示”这个基本意义去掌握它的搭配与用法。

76. A made B addressed C received D taken

[答案与分析]A make remarkscomment就是“评论,评说”的意思,为常见的搭配,注意make加名词的许多表达法,再如make a decision

77. Afact B truth C case D occasion

[答案与分析]A 根据上下文,当然选择fact,后面是同位语从句。

78. A on B with C at D about

[答案与分析]D 注意speak aboutspeak on的区别。Speak about是“谈到,讲起”的意思,与apeak of有同义,而speak on是“作……题目的报告,以……为题作演讲”之意,后不接“人”作宾语。

79. A though B whether C as   D if

[答案与分析]C as指出下文的内容,这是常见的as引导定语从句的用法。

80. A satisfactory B unsatisfactory C satisfied D dissatisfied

[答案与分析]D 从下文来看,学生当然是对有些老师的讲课“不满意”。

81. A interfered B disturbed C discouraged Dinterrupted

[答案与分析]D 老师上课念讲义,照本宣科,提不起学生的兴趣,当然应予“打断”。

82. A pronunciation B sounds C voices D gestures

[答案与分析]C 讲话的“声音”单调,应用voices,因为voice指的就是“说话”(或唱歌)的声音”,而sound这种声音则可指各种各样的声音。

83. A hold B drop C leave D give

[答案与分析]B give out发出(声音、热气、气味),而其他三项不符合题意,chop out退学;hold out坚持;leave out省去。

84. A couldn't B shouldn't C C mustn't D wouldn't

[答案与分析]B “没有义务”常用shouldn't,故选B

85. A avoid B prohibit C prevent Drefuse

[答案与分析]A 根据上下文,“教授应避免重复……”,故选avoid

86. A Once B Unless C However D Until

[答案与分析]B “除非已阅读过这些材料,我们想对它展开讨论或详细阐述,否则不要重复”,故选B

87. A remember B discuss C argue D keep

[答案与分析]B 讨论很明显用discuss

88. A not Byet Cand D or

[答案与分析]A 参考86题,应选not,“不要重复”。

89. A desired B required C revised D deserved

[答案与分析]B “必修课”,应为required text

90. A about B how C only D but

[答案与分析]C “学生们讨厌由教授仅仅只是抄一遍讲义而成的必修课”,故选only


Cloze 5

More than forty thousand readers told us what they looked for in close friendships,what they expected 61 friends, what they were willing to give in 62 , and how satisfied they were 63 the quality of their friendships. the 64 give little comfort to social critics.

Friendship 65 to be a unique form of 66 bonding .Unlike marriage or the ties that 67 parents and children, it is not defined or regulated by

68 .Unlike other social roles that we are expected to 69 as citizens, employees,members of professional societies and 70 organizations-it has its own principle , which is to promote 71 of warmth,trust,love, and affection 72 two people.

The survey on friendship appeared in the March 73 of Psychology Today. The findings 74 that issues of trust and betrayal (背叛) are 75 to friendship. They also suggest that our readers do not 76 for friends only among those who are 77 like them,but find many 78 differ in race, religion, and ethnic (种族的) background. Arguably the most important 79 that emerges from the data, 80 , is not something that we found-but what we did not.


61.A)to          B)for             C)of            D)on

[答案与分析]C expected of sb.对某人的期望。

62.A)return      B)reply           C)addition      D)turn

[答案与分析]A in return回报

63.A)about   B)with   C)of  D)by

[答案与分析]B satisfied with习惯用法,表示对……满意。

64. A)effects  B)expectations  C) results  D)consequences

[答案与分析]C result结果,本文第三段开头即说明这是一份读者调查表(survey)

65. A)appears  B)feels  C)leads  D)sounds

[答案与分析]A appears to be意为以……的形式、身份出现。

66. A)civil  B)human  C)mankind  D)individual

[答案与分析]B human bonding人类关系。此句意为友谊是以一种独特的人类关系形式出现的。

67. A)attract  B)attach  C)control  D)bind

[答案与分析]D bind连接。此句意为将父母与孩子连在一起的联系。

68. A)rule  B)discipline  C)law  D)regulation

[答案与分析]C not defined or regulated by law意为并不是由法律所定义或规定的。

69. A)play  B)keep  C)show  D)do

[答案与分析]A 意为在某个社团中扮演角色。

70. A)those  B)all   C)any   D)other

[答案与分析]D 在某个社团或其他组织中。

71. A)interests  B)feelings   C)friendship  D)impressions

[答案与分析]B warmth,trust,love,affection都是情感(feeling)的一种。

72. A)on   B)in  C)for  D)between

[答案与分析]D between两人之间。

73. A)print  B)copy  C)issue  D)publication

[答案与分析]C issue指期刊的一期,这句话的意思是关于友谊的调查表登在Psychology Today杂志三月的这一期上。

74. A)confirm  B)resolve  C)assure  D)secure

[答案与分析]A confirm证实。

75. A)main  B)central  C)neutral  D)nuclear

[答案与分析]D nuclear核心的,核子的。此句意为调查中的发现证实了信任和背叛对友谊来说是核心的内容。

76. A)ask  B)appeal  C)call  D)look

[答案与分析]D look for固定词组,寻找。

77. A)more  B)less  C)most  D)least

[答案与分析]C most like意为非常相像。

78. A)friends  B)what  C)people  D)who

[答案与分析]A 根据上句,look for friends寻找朋友,故这里应填find friends找到了朋友。

79. A)summary  B)decision  C)conclusion  D)claim

[答案与分析]C conclusion结构。从资料中得出结论。

80. A)yet      B)still     C)moreover    D)however

[答案与分析]D however然而。表示语气的转折。


Cloze 6

Most children with healthy appetites are ready to eat almost anything that is offered them and a child rarely dislikes food 61 it is badly cooked. The 62 a meal is cooked and served is most important and an 63 served meal will often improve a child's appetite. Never ask a child 64 he likes or dislikes a food and never 65 likes and dislikes in front of him or allow 66 else to do so. If the father says he hates fat meat or the mother 67 vegetables in the child's hearing he is 68 to copy this procedure. Take it 69 granted that he likes everything and he probably 70 . Nothing healthful should be omitted from the meal because of a 71 dislike. At meal times it is a good 72 give a child a small portion and let him 73 back for a second helping rather than give him as 74 as he is likely to eat all at once. De not talk too much to the child 75 meal times, but let him get on with his food, and do not 76 him to leave the table immediately after a meal or he will 77 learn to swallow his food 78 he can hurry back to his toys. Under 79 circumstances must a child be coaxed(哄骗) 80 forced to eat.

61. A) if B) until C) that D) unless

[答案及分析]:[D]。unless意为“除非”,引导状语从句,相当于if not。根据上文所述,这里需要一个表示“排除”的连词。[A]项if表示“如果”;[B]项until是“直到”,均不符合题意。[C]项that在此处也不合题意。

62. A) procedure B) process C) way D) method

[答案及分析]:[C]。way意为“方法,方式”,后面的定语从句省略了介词和关系代词in which,这是习惯用法。[A]项procedure表示“手续”,[B]项process意为“过程”,[Dmethod指“方式”,都不能构成符合上下文的语义搭配。

63. A) adequately B) attractively C) urgently D) eagerly


64. A) whether B) what C) that D) which


65. A) remark B) tell C) discuss D) argue

[答案及分析]:[C]。discuss意为“讨论”;[A]项remark与介词on/upon构成短语意为“评论”;[B]项tell指“告诉,讲述”,通常构成短语tell sb about sth;D]项argue意为“争论”;构成短语argue with sb about/over sth.所以,只有[C]项正确答案。

66. A) everybody B) anybody C) somebody D) nobody


67. A) opposes B) denies C) refuses D) offends


68. A) willing B) possible C) obliged D) likely

[答案及分析]:[D]。likely意为“很可能”,构成likely to do...:A]项willing意为“愿意的”;[C]项obliged表示“被迫的”,都不合题意。[B]项possible不能构成这种搭配。

69. A) with B) as C) over D) for

[答案及分析]:[D]。take it for granted that意为“视……为当然”,属于固定搭配。

70. A) should B) may C) will D) must


71. A) supposed B) proved C) considered D) related


72. A) point B) custom C) idea D) plan


73. A) ask B) come C) return D) take

[答案及分析]:[B]。ask不能与back搭配;[C]项return本身就是come back的意思;[D]项take sth.back意为“收回”,不合题意。所以[A]、[C]、[D]项都应被排除。[B]项come back意为“回来”,此处意思是“(一次少给孩子吃点),但他吃完后回过来再要”。所以,[B]项是正确答案。

74. A) much B) little C) few D) many

[答案及分析]:[A]。根据上下文所述,此处应与上文形成对照,意思是 “而不是一次能吃多少就给他多少”。[B]项little和[C]项few均表示“几乎没有”,应排除。[D]项many指可数名词“许多”,也应排除。只有[A]项much表示“尽可能多的食物”,指不可数名词的“许多”。

75. A) on B) over C) by D) during

[答案及分析]:[D]。on,over,by都不能与times搭配。during meal times指的是“吃饭的时候”,符合题意。所以,[D]项是正确答案。

76. A) agree B) allow C) force D) persuade


77. A) hurriedly B) soon C) fast D) slowly


78. A) so B) until C) lest D) although


79. A) some B) any C) such D) no

[答案及分析]:[D]。此句语法结构是一个倒装句。所以,前面的状语应表否定,只能选择[D]项no,under no circumstances意为“决不”。

80. A) or B) nor C) but D) neither


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